The
Bristol
Exploration Club, The Belfry,

Wells
Road
, Priddy, Wells,

Somerset
.
Editor:
Estelle Sandford

Contents

Committee Members

Secretary: Nigel Taylor
Treasurer: Chris Smart
Membership Secretary: Roz Bateman
Editor:
Estelle Sandford
Caving Secretary: Andy Thomas
Tackle Master: Mike Willett
Hut Engineer: Nick Mitchell
Hut Wardens: Vince Simmonds, Bob Smith, Mike Willett
Librarian and Floating member: Alex Gee
 Hut Bookings:  Fiona Lambert

Editorial

Good news

We have a prospective editor in Martin Torbett.  For those of you who are not familiar with
Martin, he can be regularly found in the Hunters on a Wednesday night as part
of J’Rat’s digging team.  He lives in
Cheddar so should have no trouble in hassling the regular cavers for
articles.  I hope everyone will support
him in the way that most have supported me and keep the articles coming.  Any editor can only be as good as his/her
articles, so that’s down to you – the membership – to keep them coming.

Estelle

Letters and
articles in the BB are not necessarily the views of the Editor, the BEC
Committee or the club in general.

 

Caving and BEC News

Two Discoveries in Two Days!

His Lordship’s Hole,
Red Quar

Following a prolonged drilling and banging epic in the 20ft
long, low crawl below the two chambers discovered on 19th June (The Gentlemen’s
Urinals) a breakthrough was finally made on Wednesday 16th June into another
10ft of crawl leading to a free-climbable drop into “The Screaming Lord
Sutch Memorial Chamber” – tastelessly named in the
“aristocratic” theme which this cave is developing.  About 10ft in diameter and 12ft deep, this
will be a handy place to stack spoil from a future dig in a silt choked bedding
streamway in the floor.  Bad air due to
bang fumes and the current high atmospheric pressure prevented more than a
cursory investigation.  Total extension
length, including the banged bits, is about 40ft.

Hazelnut Swallet,
Biddlecombe

Mike Willett and Nick Mitchell’s dig here has also seen
considerable drilling and banging recently. Following the winter lay-off work started again in April and by early
June the top of a pitch could be seen ahead. This was made accessible on 17th June and an ecstatic Mike feverishly
descended a ladder to find it reaching a choked sump 15ft below!  He was “not amused”.  It’s a nice pitch though, with some fine
fossils, and further work here will be undertaken when the inlet stream from
Biddlecombe (Knapp Hill) Swallet has been diverted on the surface.  Total length, as above, about 30ft.

Tony Jarratt

BEC Annual Dinner

This year the Annual Club Dinner will be held at “The
Bath Arms Hotel” at Cheddar on Saturday 2nd October, 1999.  Early booking will be essential, as places
are limited to 100 people.  Tickets will
cost £19 to include a glass of wine/orange juice or pint of beer on arrival,
plus a bottle of red and a bottle of white per table of eight.  The bar is open until 1 am.  Bed and Breakfast accommodation is available
for those who wish, at a discounted rate. Details will be included, with the menu which will be with you soon!

As usual the coach will be arranged to leave the Hunters at
7pm prompt.

BEC v Wessex Cricket Match

On Saturday 17tb. July at 2:30pm the Annual Cricket Match
for the Sofa Ashes will be held at Eastwater Farm.  All are welcome.  There will be barrels of beer at reduced
prices to lubricate the players and spectators, and no doubt enhance the
quality of the game!!!

Committee changes

Due to Jake and Becca moving to

Scotland
for the summer months,
Becca has resigned from the committee leaving the post of Hut Warden
vacant.  Fiona Lambert very kindly
stepped in to take over the hut bookings (see address in front of BB) and at
the last committee meeting it was decided that the post of Hut Warden would be
better spread between several people to make life easier.  Bob Smith has been assistant to Becca for
some time, and along with Vince Simmonds and Mike Willett, will be taking care
of the Hut Warden’s job until at least the AGM!

New Members

We have two new members joined at the last committee
meeting.  Simon House and Andy
Elson.  Andy’s claim to fame is that he
has the deepest BEC sticker in his balloon’s gondola, which now lies at the bottom
of the Mariana Trench in the Pacific just of

Japan
.  Unless anyone can prove different, we think
he also has the highest Bertie in this atmosphere (we know there is one on a
satellite somewhere!!)

There could be an article in the making here – anyone who
knows of any interesting locations for BEC stickers over the years can they
please forward this information to the editor.

Tim Kendrick’s photos in the last BB.

I have a reasonable amount of information regarding
identities and locations from many of the photos in the last BB.  I have an article promised which hopefully will
make the next BB.

Just after the BB was released there was an ‘Oldies’ week at
the Belfry and many of the people who were at the Belfry were in the last BB in
those photos.  It was great to see so
many of them at the Belfry.  Maybe next
year we could plan an ‘Oldies’ week and publicise in advance as I have had
several people say that if they had known they would have visited as well.  Maybe a slide show or other entertainment
could be arranged.  Feedback from the
older members to the committee on this would be gratefully received.  It is really nice to see that so many members
from around 50 years ago or more, still have an interest in the BEC.

Albert’s photos in March BB

My apologies, I forgot to give you the locations of Albert’s
pictures from the March BB.  The first of
the pictures on the page is Rods Pot, while the other three of the pictures
were actually taken in a tunnel in Wells, which is somewhere under Southover.

Reminder

Photos are still required for the photo board at the Belfry
and also the Belfry Bulletin.  Slides or
prints or pre-scanned files are all more than welcome.  All slides or prints will be returned if
requested.  The photo board has had the
same set of photos on it for many months now so it would be nice to see some
changes.

Ed.


Burrington
Cave
Atlas

I still desperately need photos for the Burrington Cave
Atlas.  The text is ready to go, but I am
seriously lacking in photos (or pictures). Please can anyone help me out on this as soon as possible as I would
like to go to print with this over the summer months.

Ed.

Millennium Celebrations

The BEC committee is looking for ideas for celebrating the
Millennium.  We have had ideas about T
-shirts/sweatshirts etc. but need a design. If anyone has any design ideas or any other ideas for celebrating the
Millennium (also our 65th birthday) please contact a committee member.

Ed.

Caving Logs

There is still no sign of the missing logbooks.  It is a shame that BEC history is being lost
in this way.  If anyone has any idea where
any of the logbooks may be can they please contact either Dave Irwin or Dave
Turner.

St. Cuthbert’s Swallet Newssheets.

We are missing No. 8 from the Club collection.  Does any member have a copy?  Photocopies will do quite nicely. Anyone with
a copy would they please contact either Dave Irwin (01749 xxxxxx) or Dave
Turner (01373 xxxxxx) as we wouldn’t want to be flooded with copies.

Wig

BB 341

This was reported as missing from the club library as well;
it is hardly surprising as it was never published!  See p.5 BEC Caving Report No 22, “An
Index of the Publications of the BEC 1947-1987” by DJ Irwin!

J’Rat

A Gentle and Polite Reminder

Several items from the Club Library are still out on
loan.  Will all members note that John
‘Tangent’ Williams and ‘Wig’ are cataloguing the library during the next few
months.  To do the job successfully
requires all items to be in the Library, seen and checked. Please return your
loans NOW.

Wig


Austria

Expedition ’99

There will be an

Austria
expedition to the Dachstein
during the first two weeks of August, if interested please contact Pete
‘Snablet’ MacNab on 01334 xxxxxx.  Other
contacts for this are Rich Blake and Tony Jarratt.

Members moving.

Henry Bennett and Antoinette have moved to Bathwick Hill,

Bath

Swildons after 1969
floods
, (accidentally lost by the printers from the last BB) by Brian
Prewer.   See his article in the last BB
for more information

 

BEC vs

Wessex

Cricket Match

 

Saturday 17th July 2:30pm Eastwater Farm


 


Fairy
Cave
Quarry
Caves
– Stoke St Michael,
Mendip

By Brian Prewer

After being closed for over a decade, the three most
spectacular caves in Fairy Cave Quarry has been reopened to cavers.

Lengthy negotiations between the quarry owners, English
Nature and a newly formed management committee have finally been concluded with
a management plan being put into place with the agreement of all parties.

Due to the fragile nature of the three caves, Shatter,
Withyhill and W/L, access will only be open to bona fide caving clubs by
writing to the committee.  Party size is
limited and no novices are allowed.  For
the three caves named above a leadership system is in place.  A trip fee of £1 per person will be charged
to cover maintenance and general conservation. Full details will be given when applying for a leader.

Shatter, Withyhill and W/L have long been considered amongst
the finest stalactite caves in the

UK
. Shatter is over 1000m in length, containing many beautifully decorated
chambers and grottoes whilst Withyhill, although shorter at 700m, is equally well
decorated.  W/L is shorter again at 150m
and contains some unusual crystal formations. None of the caves is in any way physically demanding and are regarded as
a photographer’s paradise.

Great care is needed in all these caves to protect their
unique nature and for this reason tight access controls are required.

Other caves in Fairy Cave Quarry may be visited with
permission from the management committee but without the need of a leader.  It is hoped that all the necessary work of
re-taping and clearing entrances will be completed soon.

For further information write to the Fairy Caves Management
Committee at “Bryscombe”, The Quarries, New Road, Draycott, Somerset,
BS27 3SG

On behalf of the FCQ Management Committee.

21 June, 1999

(Also printed in the Craven Record)

 

Elephants Trunk Chamber, Withyhill Swallet

 

Observation on the Growth of Flowstone in Fairy caves

By Brian Prewer

In the mid 1980s the caves in Fairy Cave Quarry were closed
by the owners, Hobbs Quarries.  Prior to
that led parties had been able to enter Shatter, Withyhill and W/L.  These three caves represented probably some
of the finest stalactite caves in

Britain
. Each of these caves
contained a profusion of stalactites, stalagmites and most other forms of
flowstone, in fact in some chambers bare limestone was hard to find.

During the time when the caves were open, taping of
vulnerable formations was done by the Cerberus S.S.  The tape used was thin coloured nylon
tape.  In places this tape was wound
around stal bosses or strung between stal and boulders.  During the years the caves were originally
open inevitably, due to the profusion of flowstone, footprints were left in mud
and in a few places on stal floors. These areas were part of the route followed through the cave.

Today, nearly two decades later, stal has started to
re-grow, in particular, on nylon tape around stal bosses and over muddied
flowstone.  In places some tapes have
been completely sealed over while in others small stal curtains hang off
horizontally strung tapes.  New crystal
growth can now be seen in footprints on the floor and fresh mini gour pools
cover some of the older darker flowstone.

It is clear that in

Shatter
Cave

stal growth is very rapid – a couple of centimetres in a decade!  Of course this is exceptional but one has to
wonder if the

Show
Cave
guide is right to
tell the public that stalactites grow at the rate of one centimetre in 10,000
years.

 

 

Vale – Bryan M. Ellis~ 1934 – 1999

An appreciation by Dave Irwin


 

Bryan,
December 1998 – photo. Dave Irwin


Bryan

died on the 21 st May 1999 at the Bristol Royal Infirmary after an illness that
had plagued him for nearly five years. In his passing the British caving world has lost a figure who was held
in high esteem by all who came into contact with him.  For myself his passing is all the more
poignant in that I have lost a very close personal friend.


Bryan
‘s
achievements lay not in his caving prowess but more in his organisational
abilities.  During the 35 years I knew
him I found him to be interested in many aspects of the caving world, some of
which caused him to be at the centre of great controversy.  When his mind was made up relating  to a particular topic  he  would fiercely  argue and defend his
cause however great the opposition. 

Whatever ones personal views of the arguments, and on many
occasions I argued fiercely with him from the opposite side of the fence, I was
always left with the impression of a man with great conviction and for that you
admired him greatly.

Bryan became interested in
caving as teenager and when his training took him to

London
in the early 1950s he became a member
of the WSG and in 1955 he joined the Shepton Mallet Caving Club.  He also joined the BEC and when the various
membership options were devised he became an Associate Member which he retained
until his death.  For several years he
was the editor of the BEC Caving Reports. After joining the Shepton Mallet Caving Club he soon became involved
with the running of that club in which he held many positions including its
President and Newsletter Editor and in recent years was its Librarian.  His last major contribution to the SMCC was
his involvement in the arrangements for their 50th Anniversary events in May
and their special edition of the Journal dealing with the club’s history.  During National Service he explored a number
of caves in
North Wales with Fred Davies and
their work was published as a SMCC Occasional Publication.  He later, together with Roger Biddle,
produced an abridgement of the SMCC Hut Logs. During the period before commercial outlets

Bryan
served the Mendip caving community well
by providing an outlet for the sales of caving club publications and the rarely
published caving book.  The boot of his
car was packed with such material and cave surveys and when at the Hunters he
would ‘open up his shop’ or hawk his material around in a large cardboard box
in the pub itself.  During the 1960s

Bryan
‘s interest in cave
surveying found him involved with the Mendip Survey Colloquium and he was
partly instrumental in the creation of the Mendip Cave Survey Scheme which
still exists in a greatly reduced way today. The first version of the St. Cuthbert’s Swallet survey was compiled by

Bryan
from earlier work
and his own of the Rabbit Warren Extension and published as a BEC Caving
Report.  He was also involved with the
survey of Holwell Cavern in the 1960s. The Mendip Cave Registry was also another interest and for some time he
was its Hon. Secretary during to the 1960s up to the time of its demise.

Following the formation of BCRA Bryan took a keen and active
part in the promotion of the new body and since that time held many important
posts including Chairman.  In 1977 he
prepared the first of two books on cave surveying that he was to write, a topic
that was of great interest to him.  Later
he became the first paid Administrator of BCRA that involved him in its
day-to-day running and for several years he operated the BCRA club and travel
insurance service often dealing with a request for cover the following day!

When

Bryan

agreed to undertake a project that appealed to him he would fully commit
himself to the topic and pass his enthusiasm on to others to ensure that the
end result was of a fully professional standard. He will be sorely missed.

On behalf of the BEC I would like to offer Pauline, Kerry
and Martin our deepest sympathies.

 

The Priddy Connection – Part 2

– The final phase of digging in Priddy Green Sink and the
breakthrough to Swildon’s Hole, 1995-1996

By Adrian Hole and Tony
Jarratt

“Through this a
cave was dug with vast e pence;  The work
it seemed of some suspicious prince.”
Dryden

Following the re-opening of Priddy Green Sink in December
1993 a brief flurry of digging trips to the extremely unpleasant end of Fault
Plane Passage took place.  Those involved
were B.E.C. members Adrian Hole and Ivan Sandford with Mike
“Quackers” Duck and John Attwood. After several digging and blasting trips in the worm-strewn
“cowsh” sump the enthusiasm for this site deteriorated and other options
were looked at including the upper level R.A.F. Aven – abandoned by the
S.M.C.C. team on 20th October 1964 and Shit Sump in Cowsh Aven Series.  It was considered by the previous diggers
that the boulder choked crawl leading off R.A.F. Aven would connect with
Anniversary Aven above the foul “cowsh sump”.

Cowsh Avens

The summer of 1995 saw Ivan, Adrian, Alex Gee, Becca
Campbell, Mike Willett and Guy Munnings, with members of the London Guildhall
club and others, re-climbing the Bladder Pot route of Cowsh Avens and leaving
fixed ropes in place which were later to prove of great benefit.  Top Avens were radio-located by Brian Prewer
and found to be, as expected, just beyond the barn at Manor Farm.  Several potential dig sites were investigated
here but enthusiasm for this remote site soon waned.

Return to Pretty Grim Stink

In Priddy Green Sink, Adrian, Ivan and Mike spent some time
during August digging a small hole on the RH side of Fault Plane Passage, only
to enter a body-sized chamber.  This site
was abandoned and they moved upstream.

They were not convinced by the R.A.F. Aven theory and lured
on by a strong draught in a 2″ high, descending and decorated bedding
plane, together with the relatively pleasant nature of the site, they put in a
lot of work with plugs and feathers splitting rocks and clearing the crawl
until stopped by a large boulder.  An
attempt at moving this was made using the “Mike fetch!” method –
usually highly effective – but in this case even The Willett couldn’t move
it.  Tony Jarratt was invited along on
26th November 1995 to pulverise this obstacle, little realising that this was
to be the start of six months of body-wrecking misery – albeit with a happy
ending!  Another bang the next day solved
the problem and on 28th they pushed through the crawl to enter a 12ft square
breakdown chamber with an aven, possible but loose dig in the floor and ongoing
choked crawl.  The length of the
extension was some 60ft.

Pottering with purpose

The next eight trips were all clearing and banging missions
– once three times in one day! Light relief was provided by John A
electrocuting himself. On 12th December the impassable rift at the end of the
crawl was enlarged enough for Tony to squeeze down into a sloping passage
ending at an undescended rift pitch. This area was called Hanwell’s Hall in
honour of Jim Hanwell (W.C.C.) pioneer Priddy Green Sink digger and 60 years
old this week. That night the pitch was free climbed for c.20ft by Ivan and
Adrian to reach a tiny phreatic tube heading down dip. The former almost broke
a rib getting up the banged rift so both this and the tube were destined for
enlargement.

 

Photo: Looking down the 20ft rift below Hanwell’s Hall by
Martin Torbett – 13th December 1995

Serious pottering

Unfortunately forty-six trips (!) were necessary, thirty-six
of which were drilling and banging epics before the next breakthrough was
made.  “This dig is getting
monotonous … ”  The 30ft of tight,
descending tube (with the Siren’s lure of an intermittent stream in the
distance) became affectionately known as the Blasted Bastard as drilling had to
be done head downwards in severely constricted conditions and clearing was a
nightmare.  As this took place during all
of January and early February it should have been warmer underground than on
the surface but the increasing draught made conditions decidedly chilly and
bang fumes began to chase the diggers from the cave.  The cold did not affect the smell of the cave
though and occasionally snuff was taken at the entrance to ward off the
stench.  As the diggers approached an
open cross passage – “A couple more bangs should do it” – Adrian
sarcastically remarked that he expected to find “Four naked virgins and a
barrel of beer” around the comer.

From Bastard to Virgins

On 8th February 1996 Rich Blake dug through into some 25ft
of small passage going off to the left (The Virgins) and straight ahead (Barrel
Passage).  Both of these ways on
surprisingly needed banging and many sessions were done on them until on 17th
February Rich passed a tight horizontal squeeze in the Virgins to reach the
head of a pot with the Priddy Green stream pouring down another pot below.  As this was a solo trip he had difficulty in
making his colleagues believe him!  These
became known as Virgin One and Virgin Two, “The connection is now a real
possibility”.

The following day a strong team descended these 30 ft of
climbs to reach a blocked crawl which was excavated and led to Virgin Three, a
15ft climb followed by another crawl and the final Virgin Four, a 10ft
climb.  A low and squalid streamway led
on and this was named Bar Code Crawl following the discovery of a laminated
paper “bar code” bearing the legend “MAIN R J + PR/K”.  A length of 120ft and depth of 70ft had been
added to the cave and the diggers celebrated with fags and champagne in the
worm-infested surroundings of Virgin Two. Everyone was delighted, ” … a bloody good reward for the time,
money and effort involved by the B.E.C. team, built upon the several years of
hard work put in by the combined club diggers of the early sixties”.  A dangerously loose boulder series above the
Virgins was later pushed up towards the floor dig in the breakthrough chamber
below R.A.F. Aven.  The stream entering
in this area comes via an aven from the “cowsh sump” at the end of
the old cave.  It is another
worm-infested, unpleasant place.

From Virgins to Clitoris

Banging then commenced in earnest in Barrel Passage until,
on 13th March Rich was able to pass a committing squeeze (Clitoris Crawl –
“‘cos its a bit of a …. ”) to reach a T-junction with standing sized
passage and another 180ft gained. “We must be bloody close to Top Avens at this point”.  To the left was a 50ft long aven series and
“downstream”, around a corner with small cave pearls and an aven was
yet another choked crawl.  This was
banged in conjunction with Bar Code Crawl over the next couple of weeks to
reach an attractive, 60ft high aven named Stoned Bat after a “Bertie”
shaped lump of limestone and the substances necessary to imagine it as
such!  It bore a remarkable similarity to
the upper Cowsh Avens.  A silted crawl
below it was dug and blasted for a time but later abandoned when Mike found a
better prospect at a slightly higher level.

Meanwhile in the foul and flood-prone Bar Code Crawl work
was progressing with difficulty.  Both
Carl Jones (S.W.A.G.) and Tim Francis (M.C.G.) had managed to thrutch a fair
distance along the crawl but enlargement was needed to make digging feasible.  Its marked resemblance to Shit Sump in Cowsh Aven
Series was a strong clue as to its destination and on 11th March 1996 Adrian
emptied a small amount of flourescein into the foetid stream – to be seen 15
minutes later emerging from Shit Sump by Tony and Rich.  On 1st April the “cowsh” filled end
of Bar Code Craw I was reached and pronounced just too grim to dig.

From Clitoris to euphoria

All work then concentrated on Mike’s dig near Stoned Bat
Aven – later to be called Tin Can Alley. Mike himself was temporarily absent from the dig as he was attempting to
pass off sclerosis of the liver as Weil’s Disease!

Throughout April and May the struggle continued (some
seventeen trips) until, on 3rd June 1996 Tony once more returned to Cowsh Aven
Series, this time accompanied by Alex. At Top Avens they could distinctly hear Mike shouting in Tin Can Alley –
at a higher level and seemingly about twenty feet away.  “We were then the first people to hold a
conversation between Swildon’s and Priddy Green Sink …. a tremendous
achievement after some 37 years of intermittent digging in the Sink and 38
years of sporadic climbing and blasting in Cowsh Aven Series”.  That day the end of Tin Can Alley was banged
three times!

The following day another bang sent debris crashing onto an
empty Coca Cola tin and “Bertie” sticker left purposely in Top Avens
and Rich’s dangling legs were soon the first bit of human (?) anatomy to enter
Swildon’s from a second entrance.  The
Big Trip was planned for the next day.



Photo of the connection and first exchange trip team by Paul
Stillman (M.N.R.C.) – 5th June 1966

 

On having climbed the “Twenty” an uneven number of times*

*With apologies to Mike Wooding (1965)

At 6.35 p.m. Ivan and Tony entered Swildon’s.  Soon after Rich, Mike, Adrian (S.M.C.C. and
specially invited to represent the Cowsh Aven team of ‘descended Priddy Green
Sink.  Ivan continued via Blue Pencil to
meet Tony in Four after the latter had been forced to frantically free-dive
down the streamway due to faulty diving gear. Five minutes later the others abseiled out of the roof and much
handshaking and imbibing of Amarretto (the nearest thing to liquid gelignite if
only in smell alone!) was indulged in. Brian then free-dived out while Mike, Adrian and Rich went
“overland” and the others began the long slog – almost 500 feet
vertically – up Cowsh Avens to emerge on the Green after a surprisingly short
(2¾ hours) trip.  Apart from the fresh
air they were also extremely pleased to find the bottle of champagne hanging on
the entrance ladder!  Both teams were met
with camera and booze-wielding reception parties and the night was suitably
finished off in the Hunter’s in company with Jim Hanwell, Fred Davies, Dave
Turner and other previous diggers – without whom the connection would never
have happened.  Someone pointed out that
we had increased the depth of the Swildons system by one foot so we were forced
to celebrate even more!  We estimate that
this phase of the connection cost about £400 in explosives alone and that over
the last 38 years the total cost in bang would be about £1,000 at today’s
prices – about £1.00 per foot!!  There
were over 115 digging trips in six months and 100 separate charges fired.  Was it worth it?  Yes! As Oliver Wells stated in 1960 ” .. it will be a great day when a
connection can be made.”  It was!

Other trips involved surveying (still not completed!) and
tidying up.

The Diggs. Photographers, Surveyors and Bolting Team etc.

Adrian Hole, Mike Willet, Mike “Quackers” Duck,
Ivan Sandford, Jo ?, Guy Munnings, Jon Attwood, Tony Jarratt, Pete Hellier,
Nick Mitchell, Martin Torbett,
Estelle Sandford,
Ken Dawes (S.M.C.C.) Becca Campbell, Graham “Jake” Johnson, Pete
Glanvill, Brian Prewer, Nigel Taylor, Jeff Price, Dave Ball, Alec Smith, Stuart
Sale, Tim and John Haynes, Helmut, Michelle and Anette Potzsch (Ziloko
Gizonak), Andy Thomas, Nick Gymer, Rob Harper, Dave ?, Mike Wilson, Rich Blake,
Sean Chaffey, Paul Brock, Vince Simmonds, Sean Howe, Andy Sparrow, Dominic
Sealy (W.C.C.),
Pete Bolt, Henry
Bennett, Roz Bateman, Dave Shipton, Dave Bryant, NickBurcham, Paul Stillman
(M.N.R.C.), Carl Jones (S.W.A.G.), Tim Francis (M.C.G.), Anthony Butcher
(S.M.C.C.), Chas Wethered, Trevor Hughes, Ben Ogboume, Jeremy Dixon-Wright,
Anette Becher and Pete “Snablet” McNab.

References

Irwin D. The Priddy Connection,
Belfry Bulletin, 502,Vol. 50, No.9, May 1999


Jarratt
T.
Caves
be where you make ’em Descent,
131, August/September 1996

Jarratt T. mss Logs, Vols. VI
(1994-1996), VII (1996-1998) (Quotes in italics above are from this source).

Assorted snippets in Descent, BBs
and various diggers’ logs.

The Priddy Green Song (P13 BB
499) and A Winter’s Tale (see below)

Acknowledgements

Robin Main, Priddy Parish
Council, Alan Butcher (S.M.C.C.).

 

A Winter’s Tale

Tune: The Keeper. Author: G. Weston.  Source: Alfie

Two cavers they did caving go,
As cavers will through rain and snow,
Why they do it, I don’t know,
They must be ruddy keen-o.

Chorus: Any joy? Bastard,
            Doing well? Ruddy hell,
            Way down, go down, very smelly
down,
            Beneath the Priddy Green-o.
            To my lay down, down,
            To my low down, down,
            Stay down, slow down, very
smelly down,
            Beneath the Priddy Green-o.

The farmer’s wife doth early wake,
And rise before the dawn do break,
To feed the cows on cattle cake,
Till grass again grow green-o.

But Mister Maine, I greatly fear,
Must surely be distressed to hear,
That all his cows have caught diarrhoea,
The worst he’s ever seen-o.

Now picture those two sons of toil,
Full fifty feet beneath the soil,
Sharply showered with Linseed Oil,
Their language was obscene-o.

So follow this advice of mine,
Observe the cattle as they dine,
And dose them up with kay-o-line,
Or wait until they’ve been-o.

 

A Summary of Exploration in the Dachstein (

Austria
) 1992 – 1997

By Pete ‘Snablet’
MacNab

Introduction

The Dachsteingruppe is a spectacular limestone massif rising
to 3000m.  It is located about an hour’s
drive south east of

Salzburg
.  We stay in the Wiesberghaus – a pleasant
mountain hut with a bar, food and accommodation.  The Wiesberghaus is located on a large
limestone plateau; there are caves literally next to it.  The plateau is about 1800-2000m high and
completely covered in caves, many of which reach depths of around 700-800m
(including BEC/NCC finds: Barengasse-Windschacht, Jager Hohle and Orkan
Hohle).  The caves we have spent the last
few years looking at are about 1.5 – 2 hours walk away.  We put some tents up near the entrance as an
advance camp or emergency camp in bad weather. At valley level, near the picturesque village of Hallstatt, a master
cave “Hirlatz” has been explored by the local Hallstatt caving club
to over 85km with 1041m depth range, currently 14th longest and 49th deepest in
the world.  We are based on the plateau
above it.

 

The Wiesberghaus – photo by Mike ‘Quackers’ Duck

Summary of going leads left after 1991:

Eisturnen Hohle (GS):

101m deep, a crawl led out of
(what was thought to be a terminal) chamber to a passage which led to a
pitchhead.

Lumpenkerl Schacht (G7):

166m deep, the cave descended an
active shaft series. Exploration was left at the head of an approximately 60m
deep un-descended pitch.

G8:

Promising entrance in a new area.

G9:

Promising entrance in a new area.

Verborgene Hohle (Hidden Cave):

250m deep.  This cave found by the NCC in 1990 was left
at a pitch head.  Unfortunately, the cave
lives up to its name, and we have been unable to locate the entrance, since.

(ref: BB & Canadian Caver
article by Chris Lloyd-1991 British Austrian expedition report).

1992

Eistumen Hohle (GS)

The route that Rich Blake found
in ’91 proved to be a winner.  The cave
was pushed down several pitches where it intercepted an active streamway in a
lofty meander.

Lumpenkerl Schacht (G7)

Due to the horrendous nature of
Razor Blade Alley, a higher level alternative route was sought.  The route was found, which in turn led to the
discovery of a second much bigger shaft series, which turned our focus away
from the 91 route.  The second shaft
series was partially descended to an airy rock bridge (The ability to
swing).  Huge inlets joined the shaft at
this point.

1993

Halstatt from the Wiesberghaus. Halstatt in the valley,
hidden under clouds. Photo: Anette Becher

Eistumen Hohle (GS)

Exploration continued down the
meandering streamway, The cave was starting to produce quite a lot of
horizontalish (approx. 45 degrees) development, unusual in recent years of
British Dachstein caving.  Lots of short
stretches of passage interspersed with short pitches. The exploration of the
cave again ended at a pitch-head.

Lumpenkerl Schacht (G7)

Exploration focused on descending
G7’s second shaft series.  We were
successful, but disappointed.   The cave
proved to be solidly choked at -304m deep. However the cave contained an extremely impressive and daunting 220m
deep (multi-pitched) shaft.  The cave
should not be totally written off, as it still contains a number of
un-descended pitches, most notably at the bottom of the 91 shaft series.       Although it may just prove to be an
inlet to the 92 shaft series, it may on the other hand be another multiple
shaft series cave which are so common in

Austria
(e.g. Orkan Hohle, Kanichen
Hohle).  (see BB article, Vince Simmonds
caving diary).

1994

Eistumen Hohle (GS)

Exploration continued along and
down several pitches following the streamway. The going got tricky through a tight section of rift/meander but
continued the other side to another pitch-head. The cave so far has been surveyed to -208m deep and 554m long, the cave
has been explored down several more pitches for approximately another 100m
depth.  It is still going!

1997

The Griinkogel, peak under which the Hirlatz Hohle lies Photo:
Anette Becher

Magnum Hohle

This cave was explored and
surveyed down to a lake in 1987 (see BB article: Dachstein 87, Mark
Lumley).  After several failed attempts
to gain permission to dive the sump at the end of the Wilder Western series in
Hirlatz to see if it would head to G5, about a km to the south west, we decided
in our best wisdom to have a go at Magnum, as a dress rehearsal for diving the
bottom of G5 should we hit a sump.  If G5
is going to connect with Hirlatz we would certainly have to dive the Grnkogel sump at the end of the Wilder Westen
series.  So Magnum was duly rigged again,
bottles and gear ferried in. Unfortunately much to our dismay the sump had dried up leaving a
thick mud choke.  On the bright side
Magnum Hohle is now 40 foot deeper.

Other developments in Hirlatz Hohle

The local Hallstatt caving club dived the sump at the end of
Wilder Westen series in Hirlatz and discovered large amounts of passage (Sdwesten series) including the largest
passage and chambers in the cave.  Since
the original trip a sump bypass has been found. This is very significant for the exploration of Eisturnen Hohle (G5).  Hirlatz is now only approximately 250m
away horizontally from the surveyed end of G5 and possibly as little as 360m
below the actual end of G5.  There is
every possibility that G5 is a small stream inlet to the Hirlatz system.


 


Austria

1999

We are going to mount another expedition to the Dachstein in
the first two weeks of August. Our objective is to try and bottom Eisturnen
Hohle (G5), with the hope it will connect with the Sdwesten series of Hirlatz Hohle. If this is achieved it will make Hirlatz Hohle the fifth deepest cave in
the world and third deepest through trip. If it is not connected, we will still have a superb cave in a
spectacular location on our hands.  There
are many other caves in the area which need paying close attention to,
especially G8 and G9, which are still requiring pushing, both with un-descended
first pitches (these could be good projects for those who don’t want to go deep
to find virgin cave).  There are
currently 14 people who have expressed an interest in coming along this summer
(some from as far away as

Mexico
).  If you would like to come along, you are more
than welcome, and there are plenty of caves, climbs and walks etc. (the beer’s
not bad either).  Anyone interested
please let either Rich Blake, J’Rat, or me (Snablet) know and we will provide
you with more details.




 

 

Cartoons

 

 

Causse Du Gramat Easter 1999

By Vince Simmonds

Those present:

            Vince Simmonds

            Roz Bateman
            Ivan Sandford
            Fi + Jack Lambert
           
Pete
Bolt

            Debbie
            Rich Blake

The place:

Situated in the South West of France, South of
Brive-La-Gaillarde, and lying between the Dordogne and
Lot
rivers.  The area has long been popular
with British cave divers; there are a great many resurgences along the valley
bottoms.  On the plateau there is a
variety of caving trips available from classic stream passages, older fossil
series – many very well decorated to vertical with a range of difficulty.  Also in the area there are many show caves,
some better than others, again with mixture of types including some fine
painted caves.

The Journey

1-4-99

At 6pm Roz, Vince, Ivan, Fi, Jack and Rich set off for the
midnight ferry from

Dover
,
Pete and Debbie were to join us later in the week.  A fairly uneventful journey, most of the
traffic was going the other way, so we arrived early and managed to catch a
ferry at 10-45pm.

2-4-99

On disembarking we decided to make our separate ways to
Gramat. Roz and Vince spent the night and most of the day driving and catching
a rest now and again.  Arrived at the
campsite at 6.30pm to find it wasn’t open until the next day and no sign of the
others.  When at a loose end go
shopping.  On arrival back at the campsite
we were met by Ivan and co. who had sorted out a Gite at very reasonable rates.

That evening we met up with some friends from Oxford
Uni.C.C. who gave us some useful info, this was their last day.  A pleasant relaxing evening was had by all.

The Funtime:

3-4-99

GOUFFRE DE ROQUE DE COR (547/285)

Vince, Roz, Rich, Ivan

Located by following the N140 from Gramat to Montvalent
road, take a right turn onto the D70 (Goudou). Stop at (T) junction and follow rail track south along path to large doline
which is Roque du Cor.

This is an impressive site, a massive doline probably 100
metres across and 50 metres deep.  A
descent to the left of a waterfall, handline useful, leads to a stream and low,
wide entrance.  Passage continues as
stooping size before opening up to walking size.  It’s a shame the cave is only 750m before it
ends in a sump.

We spent some time looking around the base of the doline
where there are some remnants of cave and what would be some interesting dig
sites.

GOUFFRE DE PADlRAC (553,68/284,41)

Not a difficult place to find as it is very well signposted.

All went over to the showcave but only Roz and Vince went
for a trip.  A very worthwhile place to
visit and excellent value for money.

Steps or a lift take you down the 70m deep chasm to a
leisurely stroll along a large rift passage with stream before reaching a
flooded section and a boat trip.  Then
follows a guided tour around the well-decorated “Grand Dome”.  A good hour and a half trip.

4-4-99

GOUFFRE DE REVEILLON (546,89/280,80)

Rich, Roz, Vince, Ivan, Pete

After finding Pete and Debbie in Gramat and hearing tales of
forgotten passports, dumping their kit at the Gite we went caving.

Location along the N140 Gramat to Montvalent road turning
right onto the D673 (Alvignac) before taking the first road on the left.  Stop just after an obvious valley to your
right.  Follow the well-used footpath
down the valley side to the gob-smacking sight of the Reveillon entrance arch
40m x 40m and home to a great many Jackdaws.

Followed the main stream passage until we came to a sump and
no bypass.  We decided to try the Upper
entrance, higher up to the left of the main arch.  Followed a stooping, crawling sized passage
to a 15m pitch (ladder).  From the bottom
of the pitch a crawl, with a fine yellow and black salamander, led to a large
chamber with some formations – “Salle du Livre”.  From the bottom of the pitch a climb up led
after a left turn back to the top of the ladder.  We eventually found the way to “Salle
Bernard” (turn right not left) but did not have the kit with us to go
further (2x10m ladders).  Still a very
enjoyable trip.

5-4-99

GOUFFRE DU SAUT DE LA PUCELLE (547,41/278,08)

Ivan, Vince, Roz, Pete, Rich

Location, could not be simpler, N140 Grarnat to Montvalent
road after turn for Roumegouse.  Park in
tree lined lay-by with stile leading to cave entrance.

This is the cave to visit if you only have time for one
trip; it is a real classic streamway

You may have to avoid some French cavers trying to stay out
of the water, wear a wetsuit and enjoy yourselves.

Follow the path down to the entrance and easy going to an
old fossil passage where the way to the stream is on the left.  There are some pools to cross and I’ve seen
people using boats to cross them, they are not quite waist deep.  Eventually a wet passage that is easier to
swim through leads to the first of the climbs and the streamway proper.

The amount of tackle required varies on the water
conditions.  We took six 10m ladders plus
slings, tapes and ropes/handlines and never quite made the end.  BEWARE! some of the small drops look easy on the way in but are an absolute
bastard on the way out especially with a bag full of kit.  Look at the larger pitches.  Some of them are free-climbable depending on
conditions.

All said and done this is a fine streamway, just like a long
Swildons’, with some good formations.

Be prepared for a long trip of 6-8hrs.

6-4-99

IGUE DE LA CROUSA TE (551,53/269,26)

Rich, Roz, Vince

 

Located on the D14 Gramat to Reilhac road, 2.5kms before
Reilhac stop in track on left before section of very straight road.  Follow obvious path, roughly

north west
, to cave
entrance.

SRT trip.  Easy
passage leads to traverse and drop (I5m rope) which leads to head of first
pitch of 26m (30m rope) and then almost immediately to the second pitch of 39m
(40m rope).  At the end of the cave is a
piddly little dig in a trickle that has seen some half-hearted attempts at
digging.  Once these pitches would have
been well decorated but overuse and an extreme case of overbolting has resulted
in the destruction of the cave formations. The cave has obviously been used as a training ground probably by the
outdoor pursuits centre down the road. Maybe it should serve as a warning to all.

Afterwards we followed the road from Reilhac to
Caniac-du-Causse (D42) and the Foret du La Braunhie, which is reputedly the
site of 150 gouffres, grottes and igues it does, however, have the daylight
shaft of …

PLANAGREZE (546,55/259,56)

which has a large notice board near the
entrance complete with survey.

A 74m shaft with a ledge at -30m drops into “La Salle
de la Castine.”  The way on is
through a slot and another pitch.  We did
not descend the cave but all the info we have is here.

Tackle:

            One 80m
rope
            Two 60m ropes
            22 hangers and a tape

From the bottom of the 2nd pitch is a 60m river ending at a
sump that has been passed to further sumps. There then follows a sloping pitch
to a lake at -184m.  According to the
board on the surface this lake is up to 70m deep.

7-4-99

GOUFFRE SPOTTING

Roz, Rich, Ivan, Vince

552.60/287.60:
Line of Gouffres on map (2136 ET) near town of

Magnagues
. 4 Shallow dolines with inter-connecting passage up to 10m wide by 6m
high all ending as chokes although there are a couple of through trips, one
particular passage leading to the middle of a briar patch much to Vince and
Richs’ chagrin.

550.48/288.78:
nr. Noutary. Single gated entrance by side of track.  Again sizeable passage but short and choked.

548.20/282.64 &
548.36/282.22
: 2 Gouffres nr. Alvignac(Cantecor) 1 a low wide arch
inhabited by critters.  1 was an old dig
site.

548.92/284.30:
Perte nr. to Miers. Stream sinks in conduit under road.

550.36/284.16:
Muddy sink by side of road.  2 sinks Nr. Padirac.

551.94/284.00:

Nr.
Village

of Goubert, 1 mucky sink described as another Bowery Comer with small cave
above that had been modified.

552.86/283.16: 1
site in small valley below the last house in Andrieu looked a good spot with a
friendly farmer.

The sink marked on the map wasn’t all that inspiring until
the farmer took us over to see his gouffre, a clean washed entrance 3m deep by
1.5m wide and a good flow of water.

8-4-99

THEMINETTES (559.84/271.12)

Roz, Rich, Ivan, Vince

Located in the town of

Themines

on the N140 between Gramat and Figeac, very obvious river sink.

Arrived at the entrance only to find lots of water
disappearing into a flood prone cave decided to give it a miss.  We decided to head over to THEMINETTES
(561,64/268,05) to locate the sink there. After a little driving/walking about we managed to locate the
entrance-very impressive!  The river
pours into a hole 2m x 2m and disappears into a rift too wet to attempt to
follow it.  Across the entrance is a gate
made of sleepers and telegraph poles to stop the debris.  We walked up the river valley where there are
several lesser sites of interest.

Took a drive along the Cele valley where we looked at a
couple of things but nothing worth a mention

9-4-99

VALLE DU L’ ALZOU

Vince, Roz

Cracking day just right for a stroll.  Followed the GR6 path from Grarnat to
Rocamadour through the Alzou river valley. The gorge is quite spectacular with high cliffs of limestone and several
old ruined mills.  The paths and maps are
of a high quality, this walk there and back is 25kms.  Rocamadour is a place you must see if
visiting the area with its Chateau built high on the cliffs and narrow medieval
streets, and a good place to have a beer break.

The return:

10-4-99

After tidying the Gite we again decided to make our separate
ways back to dear old Blighty.  All
managed to catch earlier ferries and made the Hunters for drinks Sunday
lunchtime.

On the journey to and fro’ we passed through an interesting
little town called Loches, south of
Tours on the
N143 to

Chateauroux
.  Each house that was built into a hillside,
seemed to have its own stone mine.  Some
of the houses were built into the rock complete with windows and doors.  It merits a stop and a look maybe to break
the journey.

Maps:

Serie Bleue 2136ET (top 25)
Rocarnadour-Padirac

Serie Bleue 2137E
Grarnat-Rocarnadour

IGN (Institut Geographique
National) 2236 Ouest; 2237 Ouest; 2238; 2138 Est; 2136 Ouest; 2137 Ouest; 2138
Ouest.

These were the ones we used most of all but it is a large
area and other maps may be required. Maps can be purchased in the Superrnarche (Leclerc at Gramat) or in the
Tobacconists (Tabac).

Some other caves:

Igue de Toulze

564.28/245.64:
From Figeac take the D19 to Grealou and on towards Carjac, after lkm turn left
towards Cadrieux.  4km further, turn into
the path on your left.  The cave is 300m
further at the top of the hill.

6m entrance leads down a slope to a 10m pitch.  From the bottom of the pitch a large passage
ends at an 8m drop followed by a 20m ledge. A 15m lake starts here, which according to the French description
requires a boat.

Tackle

60m rope; 15m rope; 40m rope; 10m
rope; and a boat!

IGue de Viazac:

547.82/261.10:
Take the D42 Fontanes to Caniac road. 3km before Fontanes, turn left at the
football ground.  Go on and do not take
the path on the right.  100m past a
90-degree turn path on your right, cross a fence on your right, and follow the
path southwards.  Take a small path to
the left that leads to an open area, where you will find the cave (hopefully!).

Start from the south of the hole.  The 65m pitch is divided into two
sections.  At the bottom of the pitch,
the rope used as a line is followed to a 15m pitch and a 6m step leads to the
Martel passage and hole.  A ledge crosses
the Martel hole up to the top of the 81m Echo pitch.  At the bottom of this the Mud Room leads to a
24m pitch.  Climb down the rocks until
the pier, you can cross the lake up to the landing stage.

Tackle:

90m rope for the 65m pitch; 70m
rope for the line and 15m pitch; 50m rope for the ledge; 100m rope for the 81 m
pitch; 2x60m ropes up to end of the trip; 16 hangers and 2 tapes up to Martel
passage; 15 hangers and 2 tapes for the 81m pitch; 20 hangers and a deviation
from the 81 m pitch up to the lake

The previous two descriptions have been taken from a French
translation (Speleo Club de Figeac ).

There are of course many other caves in the region, i.e.
Igue de St. Sol (539,54/282,71) with a fine 75m entrance shaft and superb
formations, Grotte de Combe Cullier (539,06/283,13) bit of a grovel but worth a
visit if you’re at St. Sol and the showcave at Lacave (bit naff, too much
lighting) that are well documented in various club publications.

More information:

Taviner, R. Wessex Journals

Simmonds, V. M.C.G. journals

Speleo Club de Figeac, Website
(try caving links)

Weather: 08 36 68 02 46

 

Rock Anchors Using Resins

By Kangy King

With Reference to BMC Equipment Investigations

“BMC Summit” issue 4
page 12 has a report on placing staples in rock with resin.  Three incidents of staple failure were
discussed in the report.  Two caused
injury and all of them involved staples which were pulled out easily.

Hedbury Quarry, Swanage.

The climber lowered her weight
onto the staple which although seemingly secure pulled out.

Tram Station Crae, Pen Trwvn

The brand new looking staple was
pulled out preparing to abseil.

Lone Wall. Cheesedale.

The staple came out preparing to
abseil.  Five others on the crag were
pulled out easily.  It was found that the
hardener had not mixed with the resin.

Each incident was investigated
and advice given.

The report should cause some
concern because some of the advice given may not be safe.

R.S. King and G. Bevan had a
telephone conversation with the BMC editor and made the following points which
are given here in the interests of safety. The comments were made from a perspective of many years engineering use
and practical experience of resin systems, metal to metal bonding and
composites and apply both to industrial use and direct life support systems
involving resins.

Strength of resin bond.

A reasonable strength resin would not be expected to cure at
less than room temperature.  All work
should done on a dry day in summer.  (And
not at all in a cave!)  Setting times to
cure to full strength will be extremely variable under these conditions.

The recommendation that a blob of processed resin should be
checked is excellent.  But not by taking
to a warm dry home!  It must be left in
the same environment as the work. Putting the test piece onto a piece of metal or at least on paper put
into a plastic bag and tying it to the staple would be better.  Please note that hardening of the resin is a
good indication that it has been mixed correctly but it is not an indication of
attainment of full strength.  Even a week
or more may not be enough to achieve this and at low temperatures it may never
happen.

Cleanliness of the
hole is indeed vital.

It was suggested that rather than flush the dust out with
water, which will be difficult to remove and will prevent a good bond, the dust
should be blown out with a tube.  There
will still be moisture from the breath but this is not so serious as a wet
surface. An intimate contact can be achieved, see below Reason i).

Mixing is vital.  The
best strength is obtained by stirring the correct proportions both clockwise
and anticlockwise. Better still use a commercial mixer.  Discard the first 50mm of resin expelled.

BMC Reasons

Reason i)

Seems to be a feeling that a rough
surface will give a better joint than a smooth one.  A smooth surface will in fact bond to another
surface if the correct resin and process is used.  The essential is that both surfaces should be
dry and clean.  In particular the
surfaces must not be contaminated by grease. If a staple has been handled with unclean or bare hands this could be
enough to destroy any chance of a good bond. Mechanical abrasion of the surfaces increases the surface area and
removes some contamination, however it could make complete decontamination more
difficult.  The best DIY way to clean a
smooth staple might be to lightly abrade with Scotchbrite and alcohol and wipe
with a clean dry cotton cloth.

Reason ii)

The process of spreading the
resin so that it makes intimate contact with the bonding surface is called
“wetting”.  It is an essential
part of a good bond.  Rotating a rod in a
hole is not good enough; using a rod to rub resin into the surface of the hole
would be better.  Both contacting
surfaces should be completely wetted.

Reason iii)

“Not advisable to drill two
holes close together.”  Agreed.  A minimum distance between holes depends on
the state of the rock.  Our experience in
drilling rock is that a near second hole can damage the rock between the two
and another site is needed.  For a hard
rock free of flaws a minimum distance of 6 times the diameter of the hole is a
reasonable working rule.

BMC Conclusions.

“The legs should be not be smooth and should ideally be
bent”

Bent legs should not be necessary.  Presumably they are intended to introduce a
mechanical resistance to removal.  They
would prevent a tight fit between the metal and rock.  Cleanliness is more important than roughness.

Commonly people make mistakes in mixing (Hardener with
hardener! wrong proportions, insufficient mixing; great care must be taken.)

“Remove all dust from the hole, if necessary flush out
all dust with water”.  Cleanliness
and freedom from grease is essential. The surface must be dry. 
Flushing with water may do more harm than good for the
reasons given above.  Note that some
sealants are intended for use in water; adhesives are usually not.

“Place a blob of resin on paper take it with you (see
above) and check after 24 hours”. Always check that the resin and hardener have been mixed properly by
making a test piece.  A mechanical test
specimen is used in industry to give confidence in the quality of the process.

Resins both uncured and cured deteriorate with age and have
limited lives.

BMC Broad Conclusions

Cheedale; agreed that the hardener was not mixed
properly.  The staple at Swanage was
probably greasy, perhaps through handling rather than “smooth and
straight”.

Specialist Advice

Pay attention to care with: –

The correct materials stored in
sealed packages in a cool dry place and not used past the sell by date.

Cleanliness, particularly no
grease.

A good fit between components and
a good joint geometry for maximum expected load direction, usually this is at
right angles to the axis of the hole.

A correct cure with regard to
mixing, temperature, pressure, low humidity and time.

To cure: –

Following the manufacturer’s
instructions closely.

Sacrificial test samples, if the
anchor itself moves, destroy it!

My own recommendations are not to use resins for this purpose.  They are not foolproof.  It is insisted that the metal must be a good
fit in the hole.  This will make a great
difference to the shear strength of the joint.

For large holes with a poor fit, set lightly corroded steel
in high strength cement (with PVA) and clean sand.

Better still use corrosion resistant Mechanical fasteners
which may be removed for inspection and replaced.

All anchors must be inspected regularly.  Give them a bloody great yank along the hole
axis (out of the hole) before use.  This
will be far less than failure load and should do no harm, except to an unsafe
anchor.  Think about third party claims
if that helps and go for it.  If the load
is normal to the anchor – and you don’t leap about – you may not need glue
because the staple acts like a hook – but I wouldn’t recommend it!

Comments by

L.G. Bevan, International
Aerospace Composite Committee (Diver) R.S. King, M.Sc. M.Phil. M.R.Ae.S. C.Eng.
(

Bristol

Exploration Club).

 

Rolling Calendar

Date                          Details
–  Contact

2/7/99                        BEC
Committee Meeting

2-4/7/99                     ISSA
Meet, Dan yr Ogof – ISSA

2-4/7/99                     BEC
Meet in Yorkshire
Bradford PC, Brackenbottom,
Horton-in-Ribblesdale –
Estelle Sandford

3-5/7/99                     Cavers
Fair, The Rock Centre, Chudleigh,
Devon – NCA
– Tony Flanagan

7/7/99                        Open
night, Floyd Collins (Musical). The Bridewell Theatre,

London

17/7/99                      BEC
v Wessex Annual Cricket Challenge for the sofa ashes.  2.30pm Eastwater Farm, Priddy

24/7/99                      Mendip
Challenge, based around Priddy Stomp at Priddy Village Hall in evening, with
the Cheddar Blues Band – details to follow – John Dobson, ECG

28/7/99                      August
Belfry Bulletin Cut off – Editor

6/8/99                        BEC
Committee Meeting

9/8/99                        August
Belfry Bulletin Out – Editor

29/8/99                      OFD
Columns Open Day

31/8/99                      Committee
members reports to editor – Editor

31/8/99                      BEC
End of Financial year – all accounts and receipts to treasurer ASAP – Treasurer

31/8/99                      Ghar
Parau Foundation Grants applications deadline

3/9/99                        BEC
Committee Meeting

3/9/99                        Nominations
for Committee Close – Secretary

10-12/9/99                  Hidden
Earth ’99 BCRA Conference,
Leeds – Dave Gibson

24-26/9/99                  NAMHO
99 Conference, Whitemead Park, Parkend, Nr. Lydney, Glos – John Hine

1-3/10/99                    Cave
Survey Group field meet, Bull Pot Farm, Casterton Fell,
Yorkshire

2/10/99                      BEC
AGM and Dinner

3-30/10/99                  Brush
with Darkness 2

Wells
Museum
– Robin Gray

8-10/10/99                  ISSA
Meet Indoor Workshop with Robin Gray, Mendip – ISSA

2-3/11/99                    Cave
Art exhibition by Robin Gray, Explorer’s Café-Bar (Gough’s Tear Room) Cheddar –
Robin Gray

13-14/11/99                DCA/NCA
Caver’s Workshop, Pindale Farm, Castleton, Derbyshire.

 

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registered in England and Wales as a co-operative society under the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies Act 2014, registered no. 4934.