QUODCUMQUE  FACIENDUM : NIMIS  FACIEMUS

Dates

Saturday March 1st    Climbing in the
Pyrenees, an
illustrated talk by ‘Kangy’ King.  7.30
p.m. at the Belfry

Easter,

            March
28th      Sleets Gill.

            March
29th      Pippikin.

            March
30th      Lancaster – Easegill

Editorial

Happy New Year

A very belated, but nevertheless well meant, Happy New Year
to club members and all readers.  Owing
to the usual series of mishaps, this B.B. – like the Christmas issue – is very
late, but it is hoped that we will get back to sensible issue dates very shortly.

The B.B. in 1975

Only minor changes in layout are contemplated.  The list of club officers gets a full page,
as many members have said how useful they find this repetitive but useful
feature.  After a break for Christmas,
both ‘Round and About’ and the regular monthly crossword re-appear.  Mike Wheadon has promised to write regularly
on the social scene – for those members who like to know what is going on apart
from caving. Incidentally, Mike is also hoping to be able to take over some of
the production of the B.B. this year. One feature during the year will be a change of cover paper (not
design).  It could not be introduced
straight away, as its object is to save money – and this could not be done by
throwing away our remaining stocks! Purists will, no doubt, be able to get spare covers if they want their
years B.B. to look uniform.

Membership Secretary

The committee have voted Angie Dooley into this
position.  She has not been
co-opted.  All subs should be sent to The
Membership Secretary, c/o The Belfry.

Albert Maine

The death of Albert Maine is reported in ‘Round and About’
(147).  In addition to what is said
there, it might be appropriate to remember that the B.E.C. in particular owes
Mr.

Maine
a
debt of gratitude.  By allowing his barn
to be used by cavers, he made it possible for many of the active – but homeless
– post-war cavers to get to know each other and, as it so happened, to join the
B.E.C.  By this means, we got members
like the late Don Coase, ‘Sett’ – for many years the mainstay of the club on
Mendip, ‘Pongo’ Wallis – one of the trustees of the Belfry and, unfortunately,
your editor!

Tackle

We hear that the special committee, which the N.C.A. set up
to look into tackle, is to recommend that standards be set up and that some sort
of grant be sought for this exercise. While it is, perhaps, too early to react – since there will be some
opportunity to discuss this at the next meeting of the Southern Council – there
does seam be the beginning of a parallel between what I wrote in that article
‘The future of Caving Clubs’ and what is likely to actually happen.  During the year, we shall be publishing as
much as we can sensibly get hold of on matters which could affect the control
and future of caving and although it is perhaps a nuisance, we urge all cavers
who care about the future of caving as we know it on Mendip to come along to
meetings of the Southern Council and hear – and comment – on what is going
on.  Four afternoons a year cooped up in
Priddy Village Hall might prove a small price to pay for ensuring that caving
goes the way that cavers want it to go!

Insurance and All That

Another ‘behind the scenes’ activity – this time in the
direct interest of club members – is the meeting of the club sub-committee on
matters affecting insurance.  The subject
is being investigated at some depth – to make sure that we know where members
stand in the event of a claim under the club’s insurance policy.  The information found and conclusions reached
will be circulated to members as soon as this can be done.

 

Photographic Cave Surveying

A ‘Chatty version’ – according to
the author, John Letheren of M.N.R.C. of a new technique which will be dealt
with in greater detail in a future issue of ‘Cave Notes’.

The general idea is to survey caves and mines quickly but
with reasonable accuracy – much more accurately than ‘sketch from memory’ and
much more quickly than with conventional surveying equipment.

The data required, from one point to the next, is range,
bearing and elevation.  Range cannot be
measured accurately with a photographic rangefinder as the angle subtended
beyond a few yards is so small as to be quite un-measurable – so an alternative
method is used.

The one hit on is to photograph something of known size, and
measure the size of the image on the negative which, allowing for a small
correction for focussing is inversely proportional to the distance of the
object from the camera.  To take an
extreme case, you could not measure the distance of the moon with a photographic
rangefinder to better than ‘between 30ft and infinity’ but if you were to
photograph the moon and measure the size of the image you could, knowing its
diameter, find its distance to the same degree of accuracy as you could measure
the diameter of the image, say to 1%. This then is the method used to measure range – although it is not
necessary to know the dimensions of the object itself, only to compare it with
an image taken at a known distance.

The device used consists of a horizontal wooden cross about
ten inches each way with a vertical arm fixed to the centre of the cross also
about ten inches high.  Each of these
five arms (four horizontal and one vertical) has a small filament bulb at its
end, and the measurements must be equal from bulb filament to bulb
filament.  In addition there is an extra
bulb on one arm to denote south.  This
instrument, although we have built and used it, has as yet no name, but it is
usually called the ‘chandelier’ for obvious reasons.  It is also fitted with a compass (used only
to align the instrument – not for readings) and a spirit level tube on two of
the horizontal arms for levelling.  The
whole thing is mounted on a short tripod with a ball-joint head, and is
connected by a short cable to a 6v. battery which stands on the ground near the
tripod.  The camera is normally used with
a 200rmn telephoto lens and is mounted on a longer tripod with a ball-joint
head.  A 135mn lens would be adequate,
but this is about the limit.

The survey team consists of one photographer and one
chandelier setter.  The latter sets the
chandelier level and north, and the former makes an exposure at 125th of a
second at f8, giving no problems with either depth of focus or long
exposure.  This records all the
information needed to compute the range, bearing and elevation of the device
relative to the camera or vice-versa. The camera is then moved to be ahead of the chandelier and the next
exposure made, and so on.  The chandelier
must be situated so that ALL the lamps are visible (quite easy in practice,
although one must always consider the following shot as well as the one first
being made) and in addition, the data is only valid if the camera is looking
DOWN on the chandelier.  Reverse shots
(i.e. those where the camera is looking back along the direction of surveying)
are readily distinguished from forward shots by including a caving lamp in the
corner of the picture for reverse shots. You then leapfrog wherever possible, keeping the camera always above the
chandelier.  At the end of each traverse,
one frame is marked with a close-up of the nearest caving lamp for
identification purposes, and the survey then continues for the next section or
traverse.

Providing one has sufficient cheap black-and-white film,
that is all you have to do underground and it takes approximately one minute
per leg.  The rest is done at home.  The film is developed and the negative set up
(mount each frame in a cardboard frame which is numbered) and each picture
(which is, of course, a series of black dots – it being a negative) is
projected, square on, to a sheet of paper and the dots marked on the
paper.  The first slide must be a
reference shot of the chandelier taken from a measured distance.  This allows for the magnification of the
projector etc. and is used as the basis for calculating range.  It need hardly be said that the shots are
numbered on the sheets of paper also and that reverse shots are distinguished
from forward shots.  The spacing between
the North-South and East-West lamps are then measured (the units are
irrelevant) and also the height from the centre to the top lamp.  Finally, all the data is shovelled into a
handy computer (or calculator, which is quite feasible, but tedious) and out
pops a survey.  In the computer programme
I have written, each section is entered as either’ ‘open’ or ‘closed’ and if
closed, the computer recalculates the points to adjust out the closing error.

I will not deal with the mathematics here, as that is
destined for a separate publication in the future. Nevertheless, the system is
working, although a lot more experience is required.  Even so, it really does take only one minute
per shot.

In the meantime, anyone thinking of trying out the method is
welcome to the very simple details of the instrument and the mathematics.  It is quite feasible to use an electronic
calculator if a computer is not available, but the latter is much quicker. I
would like to close by thanking John Richardson (M.N.R.C.) for a good many
trials (in both senses of the word) in the Coombe Down Mines to get the system
working.

Editor’s
Note:     I have seen a closed traverse
done by this method, the actual traverse being DRAWN by the computer as well as
being calculated by it.  At present, this
method is not as accurate as conventional accurate surveying methods, but its
interest lies in its automated nature. With hand calculators of computer like complexity becoming available,
one might be able to replace the camera with a TV camera and feed the dots
straight in as electrical signals; store all the information in the hand
computer; feed it, into a computer with a graphics attachment once outside the
cave, and just wait for it to draw the survey! Perhaps we should run a ‘Tomorrow’s World’ programme in the B.B.!

 

Christmas 1974

Following the write up on the
club dinner, Mike Wheadon keeps us up-to-date on the social scene with this
account of Christmas.

Following the success of the 1974 club dinner, a group of
members decided to dine out for Christmas. Unfortunately further extensive enquiries incontrovertibly showed that
the only hotels where a booking could be made were over the hill as regards
cost.  Fortunately for the group, Patti
Palmer is not without influence in certain catering circles and persuaded her
brother (our club dinner chef) to attempt a repeat performance for our gathering
at the Belfry.

On Christmas Eve, the residents started to gather at the
Belfry and, at random times and for no apparent reason, seemed to be drawn to
the Hunters where they were joined by other members intent on getting in a bit
of elbow bending.  Drawing a discreet
veil over such activities, some of the group got back to the Belfry at closing
time to complete the decorations already started by Angie Dooley.  The motif was ‘stars and bats’ (Bertie of
course) and in a short time everything that didn’t move was suitably
decorated.  A Christmas tree was produced
and trimmed, the barrels tidied up, and presto! One completely transformed Belfry, which was quickly re-transformed when
Angie received a stock whip for her first Christmas present.

On Christmas Day, the company gradually assembled at the
local hostelry for a few aperitifs before eating.  The first to appear were the residents, Angie
and Colin Dooley, John Dukes and Widley, Ken James, Andy Nichols, Keith Newbury
(seeking temporary civilisation away from another club) then
Keith Murray, Alan and Hilary followed closely by
Mike and Maureen Wheadon, Zot, Jen, Mike and Patti.  Having been thrown out at closing time all
adjourned to the Belfry where Patti organised setting up the boards.  By now, we were surrounded by Palmers and
Laws (the chef’s) children – Graham, Simon, Sarah, Cheryl, Kirstine and of
course, Teresa.  With the tables set up,
the Belfry looked like some baronial hall and all we had to do was to await the
arrival of the food.  Fortunately there
were a couple of barrels to take the edge off the waiting

Later, Arthur (the chef) arrived and his wife Judi who
joined us for dinner, and in no time we were all seated at the table imbibing
sherry as a prelude to: – Minestrone soup; Prawn cocktail; Turkey and/or Roast
Beef with potatoes, sprouts etc., a choice of sweets including Guinness Trifle
(for John W.) Christmas Pudding and such then cheese and biscuits and later –
Gaelic Coffee and Mince Pies.  There were
copious draughts of Red Rose or White wine to ease the meal on its way and
after a couple of hours, a very replete company were settled round the ‘Centre
of the Universe’ being entertained by the children displaying their multitude
of presents.  Meanwhile, Arthur had
performed a minor miracle and cleared the tables and washed up.  He was then persuaded to force down a couple
of pints of beer, after which he went to sleep for a couple of hours.  General lethargy had now set in and was
briefly lifted when Chris Batstone arrived. However, after several pints he too succumbed to the general
lethargy.  A few bods from other clubs
appeared briefly and later Brenda and Barrie Wilton (who had intended to dine
with us but were forced into other plans) joined the gathering.  Eventually there was a move to totter up to
the Hunters which some of us achieved. The others stayed behind to watch T.V. which had been brought up so that
the children could be entertained (They didn’t bother with it – they watched
the B.E.C. instead.)

Boxing Day saw a very jaded collection of Belfry residents,
and only the offer by Mike P. to buy them a round persuaded them to stagger to
the Hunters for a lunchtime drink.  When
the first round came up,
Keith Murray
swallowed his whole and demanded that all drink up so that he could buy another
round.  At this stage, Chris Batstone,
not wishing to be left out, swallowed his pint that Keith had just bought him
and called a third round.  Thinking that
closing time was approaching, each of the remainder of the group bought rounds
as quickly as they could.

Matters were by now well out of control, and Alan Thomas and
Arthur Laws joining the company didn’t help very much since they too insisted
on buying rounds and in no time at all the trestle table in the bar had about
40 pints on it all wishing to be drunk. Roger then announced that there was an extension until 2.30 p.m. and it
was later calculated that the eight people had, by closing time, put away 125
pints of beer in one and a half hours. Having been thrown out (again) the company decided that it would be a
good time to visit the

Wessex

to spread a bit of Christmas cheer and scrounge coffee.  For some reason or other, the

Wessex
were not
overjoyed to see our gathering and were even more unimpressed when Mike P.,
with Angie’s assistance, attempted to drain their barrel in one draught.  We did not get any coffee.

Boxing Day again saw the company gathered at the Hunters,
re-living the past glorious lunchtime and demonstrating how the battle was
fought.  At closing time we adjourned to
the Belfry where Arthur and Patti organised a bubble-and-squeak supper which
was followed by two slide shows – one by Mike P. showing the B.E.C. in the
Pyrenees with Patti in various poses leaning on various bods, and a few caving
slides (every picture tells a story) and the other show by Keith Newbury
showing the laughing, smiling Wessex in various revolting poses
(literally).  On this note ended Boxing
Day.

The next event in the Christmas Calendar was Wig’s bottle
party which took place at the Wiggery on Sunday evening.  One point to note here was the perfect
reproduction of the Rolling Stones on the hallowed hi-fi.

Strictly speaking, we have now ended the Christmas
festivities, but I feel that New Years Eve was well worth a mention.  This was a SINGING evening with even more of
the ‘golden oldies’ like Norman Petty, Alan and Carol Sandall Tom and Rusty,
Joyce and Pete Franklin etc.  Although at
some times the words seemed to go astray, and even Chris Batstone got them
wrong – although he claimed it was the fault of the beer – it lasted until the
witching hour and the traditional Auld Lang Syne in the road, after which a
merry evening finally broke up.

 

Caves and Mines of Southern Wiltshire

An article by Andy Sparrow which
perhaps supports the old adage ‘Caves are where you find them’.

About fifteen miles west of
Salisbury
is an area of

Portland

and Purbeck rocks including several types of limestone.  The Salisbury Caving Group first inspected
the area in 1972 and focussed its attentions on the Chilmark area where stone
has been mined and quarried for hundreds of years.  Unfortunately, like so many other stone mines,
the armed forces had put them to use and access was not possible.  Research showed that several mines extended
at least three hundred feet into the valley side.

Up valley from this restricted area is a small wood in which
we found a roomy mine entrance becoming too low after only twenty feet.  Thus defeated, we paid little attention to
the area until February 1973, when I managed to gain access through a small,
tight hole nearby, into a chamber and roomy passage.  Returning a week later with Rich Websell, we
explored about a thousand feet of passage and named the find Chilmark Stone
Mine.  Tiny decorated natural rifts are
broken into in several places, and at one point a roof collapse has formed a
sporting boulder ruckle.  Although the
survey shown is only a Grade 1 sketch, a high grade survey has been begun by
the S.C.G.

Later in 1973, we investigated another site a few miles to
the west at Fonthill Gifford. Study of a 2½” O.S. map revealed an old
quarry in a wood by a long artificial ornamental lake.  Our first investigation of the wood revealed
more mines, this time with large, imposing entrance chambers.  However, they extended only fifty feet back
into the hillside.  A subsequent
inspection revealed a high natural rift with jammed boulders and a small choked
tube with an airspace.  A start has been
made excavating this.

Having located the small quarry shown on the map, we were
interested to find several natural boulder-choked rifts.  Digging at one small pile of rubble quickly
revealed a small tube blocked by a chert outcrop. This was later hammered away
and the tube entered, but it got too tight after only six feet.

In June, Rich Websell and myself turned our attention to the
largest rift in the quarry – about ten feet high and eight feet wide,
thoroughly boulder-choked with some overhanging boulders balanced at the
top.  We found a likely hole in the
bottom left-hand corner and started digging away vast quantities of rocks and
sand.  We soon uncovered a U-tube under
an unsupported boulder, and after a little more digging, this hideously tight
squeeze was passed.  Beyond, was twelve
feet of roomy crawl between boulders ending in another choke, which we decided
it was safer not to push.

In September we returned again and decided to enlarge a tiny
passage visible behind the poised boulders at the top of the choke.  These were easily removed by tying a rope
round them and pulling from below. Progress was then rapid and after digging out the floor for six feet we uncovered
the top of a rift nine inches wide, widening visibly below.  Two more digging trips were made before this
was passed, the next one being rather interesting since the entire right-hand
wall of the dig collapsed – sending diggers scuttling in all directions as
boulders tumbled after them.  In fact,
this collapse proved a great help, since it made the new rift much more
accessible.  When we returned, only a
small amount of work was necessary before I was able to insert myself, feet
first, into the rift and slowly worm my way down.

After a considerable effort I managed to get my chest
through, while my feet kicked about in thin air with no indication of how far
beneath me the floor was.  To my
unspeakable relief, the floor proved to be only about seven feet beneath the
squeeze, and I dropped into a section of fluted rift passage between boulder
chokes.  The choke behind me proved to
connect with the ten foot crawl, while a crawl beneath the other choke soon
became too low.  A start has been made
connecting the two caves so as to facilitate further digging.  They are obviously two parts of the same rift
passage, to which we have been given the name of Ammonite Rift, after a fine
example of that fossil just inside the lower entrance.

Anyone foolish enough to wish to visit this most unusual
cave or Chilmark Stone Mine is advised to get in contact with me, or other
members of the Salisbury Caving Group.

Editor’s Note: Andy’s address is: –

2 Bounds Green Road
, Bounds Green, London
N.11.

 

Round and About

A Monthly Miscellany

Compiled by ‘Wig’

139.      January 31st.  Does this date mean anything to you?  It should! Subscriptions are now due.  £2.50
for full members, £3.50 for Joint members and £1.75 for Junior members.  Send your subscriptions to The Membership
Secretary, c/o The Belfry Wells Rd, Priddy ,

Somerset
.

140.      Alan Williams.  Does anyone know his address?  His B.B’s have been returned from his

Newport
address.

141.      Swildons Hole.  The W.C.C. book will be added to the library
as soon as it is published.  Invitations
to purchase a copy are now open to non-Wessex members.  Price £12 (leather bound) and £9 (Rexine
bound).  Orders to Phil Davies,

Wessex
Cave

Club, Upper Pitts, Priddy, Somerset.

142.      Club Publications.  A full range is kept at the Belfry and
obtainable from the Hut Warden.  Those
buying through the post should obtain copies through Chris Howell,

131 Sandon Road
,
Edgbaston,

Birmingham
.  Please add 10p for packing and postage.

143.      Belfry Lectures.  Following Kangy’s lecture and later in March,
Chris Hawkes will be talking on Archaeological finds in caves.  How to remove them; when to leave them to
specialists and some notes on the Westbury Bone Fissures.

144.      EGONS exchange.  The latest exchange of magazines is with the
Exploration Group of
North Somerset.  A basically chatty club journal with an alert
eye on the political situation in the regional bodies.  On this subject, the Wessex Journal has
reprinted a. paper by Roger Sutcliffe on the history of the Northern Council
and the reasons for their decision to allow access only to members and
associate member clubs.  Incidentally,
recent issues of the Wessex Journal have included a serial written by Fred
Davies on the Cowsh Aven epic.  Though
written in the usual Davies style – concise yet humorous – did it really need
to be that long (at least six parts)?

145.      From other journals.  The latest ‘Sottoterra1 (no 37) includes
reports on the Bologna Club discoveries. The Cambridge U.C.C. Journal for 1974 includes a report of their 1973
Pyrenees expedition. The B.C.R.A. bulletin includes details of the Quaking Pot extension and
details of the Gar Parau Foundation constitution.  Plymouth Caving Group Journals Nos 56 – 59
are now in the library, as is the latest U.B.S.S. Proceedings (Reviewed in this
B.B.).

146.      News from members abroad.  Colin Priddle has sent us an article for the
B.B. and Sybil is likely to be back in

England
in April this year.

147.      Farmer

Maine
. There can be few members of the club who do not know farmer

Maine
.  I am very sorry to have to report that
following an illness which necessitated his being taken to Wells Cottage
Hospital just before Christmas, he died in January this year.  The funeral, at

Priddy
Church

on the 18th of January, was attended by representatives of many Mendip caving
clubs.  At his own request, there were no
flowers, but he asked for donations to

Priddy
Church
,
to which the club has responded.  It was.
perhaps, Maine’s example of friendly and helpful co-operation between landlord
and caver that may well have laid the foundation for the generally good
relations that have existed on Mendip in this respect.

148.      Donations to the Library.  Our thanks to Garth, Andy Nichols, Tim Large
and others for donations to the club library. Incidentally, there are a number
of library lists for sale at the Belfry price 10p.  A valuable aid to those who want to study the
contents of the club library at their leisure.

149.      Cave notes 1974.  Is out! The material includes two new surveys of Mendip caves (Ludwell and
Flowerpot, Hollowfield) and notes relating to cave surveying.  A well at Bathford.  Trespass problems. 
Sea
Caves of
North Devon.  28 pages, price 3Op.  Only 100 copies are available, so get your
order to Chris Howell NOW before they run out.

149.      Shower Improvements.  John Dukes and Pat Cronin have modified the
shower system at the Belfry by alteration of the wiring system.  This allows the Hut Warden to arrange for the
tanks to be on throughout the weekend, enabling cavers to have showers without
having to wait.

150.      Lifelines.  Graham Wilton-Jones is ordering a new supply
of lifelines to replace those that we have in service at the moment.

151.      Sub-Committee meets.  The first meeting of the sub committee set up
by this year’s committee following questions raised by the A.G.M. met at
Alfie’s on the 22nd of January.  Many
questions were raised and all members are investigating various aspects of the
problem.  The real point that became
clear very soon after discussion began is that the simple questions asked at
the A.G.M. are really extremely complex. It can also be noted, without speaking
out of turn, that our third party liability cover is not all it could be.  The sub-committee meets again on April 9th
1975 at Alfie’s.  Members who were
present at the first meeting were Alfie, Andy Nichols, Joan Bennett, Bob White
and Wig.

152.      Withyhill Survey.  This survey is now completed and at the
printers for photo-reduction.  Copies
will be available at the Belfry in the very near future.  The survey notes will appear in the February
B.B.

153.      Increased Postal Rates.  It seems likely that some discussion will
take place during the year regarding the monthly posting of the B.B. to
members.  The present postal expenses of
£80 are heavy enough, but when the 5p postage becomes effective, the postal
bill for the B.B. will increase to about £115 per year and will be as great as
the full production cost (assuming no donations of papers etc.)  Members who can collect their B.B. from
Barrie or Mike Palmer are asked to do so whenever possible. The hand delivery
system will have to be improved if a monthly delivery is to continue.  Another scheme would involve members paying
an. additional 18p to their subscription to cover the increase.  Think about it, and any other scheme and let
the editor know.

 

Book Review

U.B.S.S. Proceedings Vol 13, No 3. September 1974.

The U.B.S.S. Proceedings, an annual publication, may
occasionally lose in topicality, but that is more than made up for by the
thoroughness and detail of the contents. The 1974 volume is well up to the U.B.S.S.’s traditional standard.

The reports are split equally between archaeological and
speleological work.  The archaeological
articles deal excavations on the river terraces at Ham Green, Bristol and in a
quarry at Holly Lane, Clevedon (both rather specialised subjects) also work on
the Roman settlement at Charterhouse done in the 1960’s and an excellent paper
by Bishop on the Middle Pleistocene deposits in a bone fissure in Westbury
quarry.  The paper is an interim one
since work continues, but there is already evidence that Westbury may be the
earliest recorded site of man in

Britain
.

The caving section begins with two recently explored caves
in
county
Clare
– McGarin’s Cave and

Formoyle
East
Cave

– both comparatively insignificant, but models of thorough writing up.  The account of Manor Farm Swallet (Stanton
and Smart) is admittedly a year after the event, but material is new.  There is a small but well set out grade 5
survey.  The report of the 1973
expedition to

Yugoslavia

however, is a great disappointment through no fault of the Society’s.  The Yugoslav government’s decision to ban
foreigners from all but show caves meant that any exploration had to be in
remote areas with no organised local contact. You can hardly expect success under these conditions.

The two dozen or so photographs, plans and illustrations
spread about the 1Q7 pages are all of a high standard.  At £1.50 a copy it may be a little expensive
for the average caver, but essential to a club library.

B.E.C. Ball Pens.

A limited quantity of Ball Pens are now available.  These are stamped BRISTOL EXPLORATION CLUB on
one side and have THE BELFRY, PRIDDY TEL: WELLS 72126 on the other.  They are made by the Harris Pencil Co and are
retractable with a toughened ball and detachable handle.  They are available in red, blue and black,
the pen colour being the same as the ink inside.  Price only 5p each.  At present these are held by Alfie, but
arrangements will be made to have them available at the Belfry if demand
warrants it.

Don’t forget that surveys; B.E.C. Caving reports (Including
the first edition of CAVE NOTES); spares and library lists are all available at
the Belfry.  Arrangements are in hand for
further supplies of car badges and club ties.

 

Monthly Crossword – Number 53

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

11

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

Across:

1. Crumpled by boulders, perhaps.
(7)
6. Water was once the Forty in Swildons. (5)
7. Definitely not on! (3)
8. Rare vests used to find ways. (9)
10. Green not far from belfry. (3)

11.
Valleys
or holes. (5)
13. Tugs on rope – or whistles for them. (7)

Down

2. Later addition to Mendip
mineshafts, perhaps. (3)
3. Griddled – a way to great things in G.B. (6,3)
4. Could describe water or rock structures underground. (5)
5. Puts another detonator in – or decides that it’s too risky? (7)
6. The
Loop, perhaps? – No, it’s further north
than G.B. (7).
9. ..and, if roofed over, they become these. (5)
12. Cavers body? (1,1,1)

Solution to Last Month’s Crossword

U

 

D

 

 

B

E

D

S

S

T

R

A

T

A

 

R

 

E

 

A

 

 

T

R

I

P

D

R

I

F

T

S

 

P

 

 

 

N

 

A

 

S

 

 

 

S

 

C

R

A

W

L

S

T

U

F

A

 

 

I

 

S

 

M

 

S

L

U

M

P

S

S

P

O

T

 

 

S

 

S

Solution to Andy Nichols’ S Christmas Crossword Puzzle

 

Solution To Alan Thomas’s Christmas Puzzle

H

U

N

T

E

R

S

H

O

L

E

H

U

N

T

E

R

S

H

O

L

E

H

U

N

T

E

R

S

H

O

L

E

 

Club Headquarters

The Belfry,

Wells
Rd
, Priddy, Wells,

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. Telephone WELLS 72126

Club Committee

Chairman          S.J.
Collins

Minutes Sec      G.

Wilton
-Jones

Members           C.
Dooley, J. Dukes, C. Howell, D. Irwin, T. Large, A. Nicholls, G. Oaten, B.
Wilton.

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Venus Lane
,
Clutton, Nr. Bristol.

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,
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32 St. Marks Road,
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,

Bristol
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Birmingham

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