Yes, unless something has occurred since these words were written, your eyes are not deceiving you - the B.B. is a pale blue colour.

The reason is not political. It is merely due to the fact that to obtain greater opacity without greater cost, a tinted paper is the answer and, of all the colours tried out, blue seemed to be the most opaque.  Not quite true, on second thoughts - a vivid orange colour was best, but we decided to spare your feelings!

Again, if rash prediction is correct, this should be the biggest B.B. ever to have been printed - bigger in fact than some issues of the Wessex Journal.  Whether the quality is as good is, as they say, open to doubt. At the time of writing, we have no cover so what you have just been looking at (if anything!) is a mystery to us at present and since this is being written only one week from the publication date, this is causing a headache at present!

However, we hope these and other problems will be solved in time, and take this opportunity, as is our custom at this time of the year to wish all club members; all B.B. readers and all cavers everywhere..

A Merry Christmas

The Day Expert Potholer Became Trapped In A Chair

From the daily mail of Friday, November 15th, the following article appeared: -

It took 90 minutes to rescue caving expert Alan Keene when he got stuck in a chair.

Mr. Keene, 19 was giving a demonstration of the way an experienced potholer should crawl through narrow rock passages.  He wriggled himself halfway through the chair, then could not move.

A crowd of 100 Exeter University students at the Murray Hall to watch the demonstration cheered as members of the University Caving Society set to work to free him.

FIRST they tried to dismantle the chair with a screw driver as coffee was served to Mr. Keene.  THEN a student fetched a hacksaw, but a plan to free Mr. Keene by sawing the chair to pieces was vetoed by the warden.

THEN Mr. Keene had his clothes removed, but still he was stuck.  FINALLY he escaped by being covered in soap.

Mr. Keene said last night, “I'll never live this down.  It would not have been so bad if I'd not been a potholer myself but who would have thought I'd have got stuck in a chair”.

Certainly-not us! and we hope Mr. Keene will forgive what follows - a bit of gentle chair leg pulling


A Little too Keene!

(A Weegeeode by Nick Carter.)

A Potholer called Alan Keene
Had been where many have not seen.
He'd crawled for miles upon his knees
And passed through many a sev'n inch squeeze.

His telling of his feats of glory
Seemed just an ordinary story
To caving friends who'd done the same
Themselves, and not found any fame.

But Alan’s need for admiration
Soon brought about a situation
Where he regaled his friends at college
With stories of his skill and knowledge.

And on one wet November's night
He'd spun his yarn to the delight
Of all save one bold undergrad
A rather sceptical young lad.

He said "I cannot quite conceive
How through such small holes you can weave"
He claimed the tale was quite absurd
And challenged Keene to prove his word.

Now Alan Keene was quite put out
To hear this lad express a doubt.
His active mind sought for a plan
To silence this outspoken man.

He then recalled a strange device
Evolved by caver's artifice
A squeeze machine composed of blocks
To represent adjacent rocks.

These wooden blocks could be adjusted
And though not stalagmite encrusted
Gave hours of pleasure to the caver
All in the dry, and thus found favour.

But though the college was prolific
In apparatus scientific
Our Alan knew he'd never seen
In Murray Hall a squeeze machine.

He looked round for a substitute
To keep his name in good repute
Until his gaze fell on a chair
"Aha!" he said, "I'll crawl through there"

The chair back it was measured then
Twixt seat and bar scarce twelve by ten.
Into this hole, so it is said,
The fearless Alan placed his head.         

His arms were next and, growing bolder, He wriggled through each manly shoulder
And did not take a seconds rest;
Until the chair had passed his chest.

His twisting movements were unhurried
Until he suddenly looked worried,
A stifled curse escaped his lips
"Can't get the …... past my hips!"

He writhed and wriggled half an hour
Until his muscles lost their power.
Although his antics were contortive
It seemed his efforts were abortive.

One friend said "Alan, for a fiver
I'll set you free with my screwdriver!"
Keene said "I'd rather that you pull some
Than use my buttocks as a fulcrum"

Another student farther back saw
A chance to use his trusty hacksaw
The Warden entered with a shout
“The fool got in - let him get out!"

That chair must not be mutilated
Be he for aye incarcerated
Let's put an end to all this racket
He'll soon get out without his jacket.

With all the onlookers in stitches
Our hero took off coat and breeches
Once more he struggled to get free
With cries of, "Oh, calamity!"

Next, causing further interest,
He shed his pants and his string vest.
Then stood he nude before that horde
Save for his chair and mortar board.

Keene silently thanked his creator
The Dean was no co-educator
But he could not forbear to blush
When someone said, "I think you're lush".

Then said a don “The situation
Seems to demand some lubrication".
Of this there seemed but little hope
Till someone else suggested soap.

A humorist said “Use Camay
Then he'll look lovelier each day"
They covered the unwilling bather
From head to foot in scented lather.

This luckless speleologist
Gave one more rend'ring of the twist
The crowd gave out a mighty roar
As chair descended to the floor.

When Alan had regained composure
And dried, and covered his exposure
He swore no more, for good or ill,
To boast about his caving skill.

Now students all, and cavers too,
A twofold moral comes to you.
Don't boast too much - and here's the crux
DON'T GO BELOW WITHOUT YOUR LUX!


 


New Cave in Llanelly Hill Quarry" />

A New Cave Near Brecon

A small vertical hole in Carboniferous limestone was observed by Mel Davies of British Nylon Spinners a few weeks ago, after he had seen signs of stalagmite on a wall in a quarry opposite Aggy Aggy.  A couple of evenings digging there and the removal of assorted rocks revealed a rock wall with strong water scalloping, and interest rose further when a short space between rocks at the bottom was found to lead to the top of a deep rift. The top of this rift was about fifteen feet below ground, and was blocked with rocks which had to be removed before exploration could continue.  Encouraging signs were that small stones tossed down could be heard to fall a considerable distance before coming to rest, and the draught blowing up the rift was strong enough to douse a good flame on a carbide lamp.

Accordingly, on the 24th of August, a small party consisting of Mel Davies and Russell Sullivan of B.N.S. and Jill Rollason and Norman Tuck of B.E.C. arrived with digging equipment and set to work.  About five hours work was put into cleaning the rift - mainly by knocking the stones down towards the bottom and praying that they would not block anything of importance.  At last Russ reported that the way looked clear enough to take a small one, and let himself slip into the depths of the rift.

It appeared that, on average, the rift was about eighteen inches wide; more or less vertical, and about five feet wide at the top, gradually widening in this dimension as it descended.  About ten feet down was a constriction, and after passing this very tight squeeze, Russell found that the rift continued vertically in the same line for another fifteen feet or so.  At this point, to his great disappointment, his lamp began to run out and he had to return for a refill.  Meanwhile, thirty feet of ladder were optimistically lowered and the rest of us tried the rift for size but only Russ and Norman were able to pass the first constriction and thus explore the first part of the cave on this occasion.  They reported that at the bottom, the way continued as a rift shaped stream passage - both upstream and downstream.  Choosing the downstream passage, they followed it until they came to a very deep pot stretching across the end of the passage. Thirty feet of ladder were lowered, but when they climbed down it, they found that it was quite inadequate.  Russ returned for more ladder while Norman did some very necessary gardening around the edge of the pitch.  When the ladder, now sixty feet long, was placed in position, it was found that it ended in mid air with boulders just visible below.  Another hole which could be seen among these boulders suggested that they were but a false floor with the pitch continuing below them.

 

With hopes of something really spectacular, we four, with Bill Little and two other members of S.W.C.C. repaired again to the cave on the 1st of September, equipped with an optimistic quantity of ladder and a pessimistic quantity of explosive.  Bill blasted the squeeze in the entrance rift until the constriction was about three inches wider and, after only a few minutes wait to allow the fumes to clear, we were all able to attempt the entrance rift.

At the bottom of the rift, about twenty feet down, we met the stream passage which was horizontal, strongly scalloped and having a small trickle of water along the bottom.  This passage is about eight feet high, two to three feet wide at this point, and continues for two or three hundred feet to the pitch.  Although the strata on the surface tilts at an angle of about twenty degrees, the rock beds seem to have flattened out at this depth, and the passage makes its way in a series of sharp bends, ornamented occasionally with very dark stalagmite, including straws.  Since some of these reach within a few inches of the ground, it is thought that the stream does not rise much after rain but there were no obvious flood marks to provide any indication.  The trickle of water eventually falls through the boulders at the edge of the drop.

This is about seventy feet deep and is a pitch through the roof of a great rift passage about sixty feet high which leads away to the side into darkness.  The ladder passes through two narrowings of the rift (the stream is met in the lower one) and boulders are trapped in the rift at intervals. The more unstable ones have been pushed to the bottom, but more gardening is needed.  The whole rift has deep vertical grooving.

To our great disappointment, this apparent rift passage ended abruptly after about thirty feet, and another passage which could be seen about twenty feet above also proved negative. The entrance of the upper one is about four feet square, but this passage runs in for a few feet and ends in a high aven from which comes a tributary of the stream.  The bottom of the great rift is covered with very large boulders and there is an interesting false stalagmite floor at the far end revealed by an earth fall the rift is between four and seven feet wide at the bottom.

The obvious way on at this point is under the boulders and following the rift down, which would probably entail the removal of very many large rocks.  Air space can be seen at one point through the floor and there is another possible dig in earth and stones to the side.

We returned up the ladder and found that the stream had doubled its volume since we had descended. Passing the lower part of the rift was a rather drenching procedure.  Norman and I continued to the bottom of the entrance rift to have a look at the upstream portion of the passage which was the only remaining prospect. This again proved negative.  The apparent passage was seen to be the bottom of the entrance rift over which one traverses to reach the surface.  A small passage about a foot high does lead on, but it peters out after a few feet.

We met a quarry man outside who remembered working this part of the quarry.  He said that they had broken into a large chamber over what is now the floor of this section of the quarry, and described it as big enough to hold a double decker bus.  There are obvious water worn passage marks now on the quarry face, but we could not determine whether these were part of the chamber described by the quarryman, or part of another feature.  Possibly the latter, since the quarryman pointed to an area nearer the valley edge for the site of the chamber.

Two other cave entrances in this quarry face might be worth digging, but would possibly connect with the upper part of the cave.  A really accurate survey would be informative.

The cave thus ends disappointingly soon, and much work would probably be involved in extending it, but it might repay the effort as there it still quite a depth of limestone to go. It does, however, add another fine pitch to the few known in South Wales and it is probably the second longest pitch in this caving area.

Jill Rollason


A B.E.C. Type Cave Report

Though Christmas comes but once a year
Consider this, when drinking beer
That any time, there can be bought
A Survey - or a Cave Report
From B.M. Ellis, Forty One
Fore Street
. (That’s in North Petherton.)
Or you may find, if it's not shut,
Him often at the Shepton Hut.
So surely, at this festive season,
Each one can find sufficient reason
To buy himself - Oh, Merry Thought!

Trips from the Caving Log

 

Extracted by John Ransom.

On August 1st, a short Stoke Lane and a Swildons trip, Kevin, Aileen Etc.  Hunters Hole was extended by digging on the 5th by I. Dear, K. & P. Franklyn, P. King, R. King, P. Miller and D. Reynolds.  Result, another thirty feet of passage below the ladder.

St. Cuthbert’s party on the 10th August in the Maypole Series reported that the stal flow over gravel in Escalator Passage has now collapsed and ask if anyone remembers it intact on their last trip.  The 10th of august also saw the start of digging in Castle Farm Swallet.

A trip to Balch Hole on the 11th, reports that the group of straws known as the Golf Clubs at the end of Erratic Passage has been destroyed by some ***** who has used them to hang mag. ribbon on!

Further work was done in Alfie's Hole on the 11th by a party removing boulders from the rift.  Also on the 11th, two working trips in Cuthbert’s took place.  One party dug at the end of the passage behind the Dining Room while the other dug at the beginning of Sewer Passage.  Progress 8 feet and 11 feet respectively.

From the 13th to the 16th of August, a party consisting of Roger Stenner, Pete Miller, P. Morrell, Pete Bird and T. Burke went over to Ystradfellte where they surveyed an unnamed cave and part of another known one.  Roger Stenner found a new cave, then Pete Miller found a new section of another, then found a resurgence with a sump.  Roger Stenner, P. Morrell and T. Burke surveyed the cave found by Roger Stenner while Pete Miller surveyed the extension found by Pete Miller. Meanwhile, Pete Bird found another cave in a place dug unsuccessfully the previous day, then John found another cave, the most extensive of those found so far.  Photography then took place in all these new caves.

The caves are in the most unstable rock seen by Roger Stenner and Pete Miller since Tankard, in fact in many ways they are far more dangerous.  The party finished by padding around Porth Yr Ogof etc.

Pete Miller reports that during a Cuthbert’s trip on the 18th, the wire came off at Stal Pitch and says Please be careful.  Also on the 18th, digging took place at the sump and Steve Wynn Roberts made two dives.

On the 21st, Gaff, Kevin, Pat Takle, Pete Page and 2 others report that they have found the site of a gigantic system? at Westend, near Chewton Mendip.  Removing slabs and debris, Kevin was sent down to recce. About twenty feet down the shaft was found to be in a dangerous condition.  It was followed for 95 feet approx and is blocked at the bottom.  It is thought to be an air vent associated with a mineshaft.

Another go at the flake in the new entrance at Cuthbert’s was had by Roy Bennett and Keith Franklyn on the 21st.  They report that it was not completely successful and that care is still required. On the 23rd, more digging at Alfie's Hole, followed on the 24th by a trip to Sandford Levy, and further digging in Castle Farm Swallet.

On the 27th, R. Stenner and Pat TaHe surveyed old and new digs from Hunters - Castle - Punchbowl following the line of depressions to Lamb Leer.  They report that Vee Swallet is now in a bad state.  This was followed by surveying in St. Cuthbert’s from Mud Hall via Mud Hall Pitch to stream.  Roger reports wonderful surveying conditions and Brian Reynolds went into a new bit of cave just below the Water Chute and reports that there is a chance that this is a new bit entirely.


Highways and Byways of Cuthbert’s

Long Chamber Extension and the route, to Coral Chamber.

The other evening, I had the pleasure of accompanying a well known caving gentleman on a very enjoyable trip to one of the less visited, though of late much talked about, parts of St. Cuthbert’s.  We had started out with the intention of visiting several parts of the cave in order to renew, or in some cases, make our acquaintance with them and the first on our list was Long Chamber Extension.

We started out at a leisurely pace, wondering as we descended the Entrance Rift whether we would be able to get out  Again, since two very industrious fellows were working in the new entrance and we could well imagine the Rift being full of mud and boulders on our return. However, we moved on to the first ladder and the sound of water met our ears.  How pleasant this was.  (This although only lately received for publication, must have been written some time ago! - Ed.)  Of late, the caves of Mendip seem to have had their own private drought for we have not had a dry summer and yet the refreshing sound of tumbling water has been absent from both Swildons and Cuthbert’s.  And so, with this music in cur ears, we descended the Ledge Pitches, quickly avoided the waterfall at the bottom and turned into the Wire Rift.  We made our first stop in Pillar Chamber.  It seeing to me that this is a much neglected part of the cave, so many people must pass on to the deeper objectives and, apart from a quick glance at the pillar, miss the many fine formations in this chamber. A careful climb over some broken stal to the left will reveal a beautiful cascade, some tempting high level passages and a bird's eye view of the way on.  If you have only an hour or two to spare, I can well recommend a trip just as far as this point in the cave - pausing to look where before you hurried by.

One further stop by the side of Katchenjunga for a drink and fresh water in our lamps and we were soon climbing up into Long Chamber.  Traversing diagonally across the slabs, but keeping higher than the usual route to the vantage point over looking Curtain Chamber, we slid under the far wall into the tight clamber up into the Extension Chamber.  It is always a little exciting to enter a big chamber after a tight crawl and one can sense the thrill of discovery as one stands in such a chamber a little off the beaten track.  Long Chamber Extension is very similar to September Series, a steep floor strewn with the shattered stal flow which indicates the recent movements of this area of the cave.  Having taken our fill of the chamber as a whole, we climbed to the top and worked our way along.  A number of large boulders enable one to climb very high into a rift separated from the main chamber by a rock wall, but opening again at the far end to give an aerial view of the boulder strewn floor.  In the right hand wall, a small passage-leads up through a squeeze and over some wet stal.  This may be followed for some way until it eventually tightens up, and contains some fine straws and crystal pools.

At this point we decided to have a look at the further extension investigated recently by John Cornwell.  We straddled the rift and moved back over the climb up, keeping at the same level and eventually moving into a bedding plane on the left.  This bedding plane lies on top of the rock wall which separates the rift from the main chamber and slopes upwards over the chamber quickly becoming too tight for any further passage.  In the right hand corner, and directly over the rift are two avens, the furthest of which contains a strong draught and is blocked at the top by a number of unstable rocks.  Having removed a few of these and sent them hurtling down onto my feet, my companion decided that it was a fruitless task and to my relief we descended into the main chamber to continue our journey.

Following the chamber along at the most obvious level, now ducking under, now clambering over huge boulders of fallen (or in some cases, falling!) rock, we eventually reached a final chamber.  At the bottom of the end wall there is a bank of mud similar to that found on the way from Everest to Traverse Chamber.  The rest of the floor consists of a boulder ruckle and our way on lay down through these clean sharp boulders.  This route reminds one of the boulder ruckle in Eastwater except that it is dryer and the rock is light grey in colour.  Also scattered about at this point are small stones which are get black on the outside but sand coloured inside.  I have always been attracted by these objects because of their unusual lustre, but as with most shiny things underground, it is only the wet surface which imparts this and they are quite dull when dry.  They are unusual objects and very useful as cairns to mark the way through a strange boulder ruckle.  If anyone can explain their composition, I would be very interested to know.

We continued our careful way down through the ruckle, passing through a couple of 'chambers' and eventually entering a final chamber in the form of a wedge shaped rift which tightens up at the bottom and has a sandy fill giving a floor about six inches wide.  At this point we decided that although Coral Chamber must be around here somewhere, we were fated to go out the way we came in and so we turned round and made our way back.  However, before we were out of the boulders, we noticed a large round hole in the muddy side of the ruckle.  We scrambled through and were rewarded with the prospect of Coral Chamber.

Now we could go out through that interesting squeeze into the rift that leads to Annexe Chamber provided, of course, that I could find the exit!  For some reason, I was sure that the passage was at the bottom of the chamber and after searching the walls a couple of times, I was forced to the conclusion that I didn't know the way out.

However, the round trip would be very rewarding and one I can well recommend for passing a few hours on Mendip.  Care must be taken when crossing Long Chamber as broken rock, of which there is now quite a lot will, if carelessly dislodged, fall down into Curtain Chamber and damage the formations.  Next time I will go in via Annexe Chamber so that I know the way out.

Mike Luckwill.


The Underground Laboratories of Moulis

by Mike Luckwill.

It is only in recent years that cave exploration has been considered to be a separate branch of science and during the 17th 18th and 19th Centuries it remained in the nature of a hobby. However, the early explorers soon realised that many interesting discoveries were to be made in the caves and grottoes, not only in the fields of prehistory and palaeontology, but also in that of biology.

As early as the 17th Century it was known that the grottoes of Camiole on the borders of Austria, Italy and Yugoslavia contained a strange amphibian, the elm, different from any animal found above ground.  A scientific description of it was made in 1781 by the Austrian Laurenti who gave it the name Proteus Anguinus.  Some fifty years later count Franz von Hohenwart found, again in the Grotto of Camiole, the first blind cave beetle, the Leptodirus Hohenwarti.

 

At first these investigations were carried out by a number of enthusiasts, working in isolation, but early in this century the Rumanian scientist Racovitza with a French colleague Rene Jeannel set up an organization Biospeologica, to encourage the collection of specimens of cave fauna and the publication of results and observations.  The next step was to make a laboratory study of the life of the cave dwelling arthropods under natural conditions. It seems that the first underground laboratory was designed by a Frenchman, Armand Vire, who in 1897 fitted up one of the galleries in the catacombs which stretch under the Jardin des Plantes in Paris. However, the laboratory was destroyed thirteen years later in the great floods of 1910 when the water swept through the catacombs.  Twenty years later another laboratory was set up, this time in one of the galleries of the grotto of Adelsburg, part of the Carniole system, but the ambitious research programme never seems to have been carried out.

In 1945, the French Association for the Advancement of Science met in Paris.  Among the speakers was professor Jaannel, the founder, together with Racovitza, of Biospeologica.  He called for the creation of a cave laboratory in France and obtained the support of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.

The grotto of Moulis, containing a perpetual spring, close to a source of electricity and a small village suitable for accommodation was chosen as a suitable cavern.  The natural entry was a small passage which necessitated crawling.  As this passage was inhabited by a large number of Choleva beetles during their period of metamorphosis, it was decided to leave it intact and to bore a tunnel 50 metres long a short distance away.  The new entrance led into the main gallery which at the time ended in a narrow tunnel too small to enter, another tunnel was bored at this point and a further long gallery was discovered.  The length of the accessible part of the cave was thus increased to 900 metres.

The whole gallery was fitted up to form three units.  Two for the study of the land-living arthropods and one housing aquaria for the water arthropods.  Electricity and compressed air lines were laid on and drains built to eliminate waste water and flood water.  A surface laboratory was also built containing two controlled temperature rooms and a photographic unit.

Although the new research institute, the 'Laboratoire Souterrain de Moulis' intends to cover a wide field of studies; measurement of ionisation in cave atmospheres; hygrometric and thermometric investigations: research on crystallization and the formation of stalactites and stalagmites etc., the present programme is mainly concerned with the investigation of the cave dwelling arthropods; their physiology, reproductive cycle and behaviour.

Among the cave dwelling Cloeptera which have been bred successfully in the laboratory are the Speonomus Longicornis and S. Diehki beetles, which have a curious-life cycle. The female lays one enormous egg every forty or fifty days.  The primary larva is only active for a short period varying between a few hours and a few days.  Without having eaten or undergone any mutation, the larva builds a cell in which it enters a state of rest, lasting for months and ending with pupation and transformation into adult form.  Having perfected work of breeding, consideration of the genetical problems of the many different species, and subspecies should provide many valuable results in the field of evolution.

 

Work on physiology was successfully directed towards the problem of absence of pigmentation and blindness (in some cases absence of eyes).  The first naturalists to examine cave fauna assumed that these features were directly attributable to the fact that the animals lived in darkness. However, some species which lived in the cave habitat possessed pigmentation and normal vision and conversely de-pigmentation is found in some animals which live in the light.  In 1931, Professor Fage, taking as his starting point work by Mayer and Plantefol showing that the respiratory rate of mosses decreases with increase in water content, put forward the view that the cave spider, living in a very humid atmosphere, must have a very low oxidation rate which would lead to de-pigmentation.  Work carried out at Moulis some ten years ago has confirmed Fage's hypothesis.  Another discovery made during the last fifteen years concerns the result of breeding tests carried out with Niphargus.  Young Niphargus supplied with all the nourishment it was presumed the species might require died during their second moult.  Others supplied only with cave clay outlived them, although not living as long as the normal lifespan.  Further work with the electron microscope showed the existence of a new baeterium - named Perabacterium Spelai - which fixes atmospheric nitrogen and derives its carbon from ferric carbonate.  Its energy is said to come from the decomposition of ferric carbonate to ferrous oxide. Thus a sequence of nutrition may well exist independent of any supplies from above ground.

Much work still remains to be done on these as yet unfamiliar cave animals, and it is the research carried out at Moulis and elsewhere that may well provide important clues in the investigation of evolutionary processes.


CRO Conference

Report on the Third Conference of the Cave Rescue Organisation Organisations held at Church Hall, Lion Street, Brecon on Saturday, September 28th 1963.

Our hosts for this conference were the South Wales Caving Club, and the agenda consisted of four main items, the first of which was concerned with the subject of cave accident statistics.

Dr. Evans has put in some interesting work on accident research.  By recording all the particulars of all the accidents he has heard of on punched cards, he has discovered two main causes of such accidents.  Firstly, those due to cavers not using a lifeline - these should be used on any pitch of twenty feet or more and, if the climb is exceptionally difficult, even on climbs of less than twenty feet.  The other main cause was due to equipment deteriorating.  All tackle should be inspected at least once a year, a fact which some clubs did not think of until too late.  A query was raised as to how a rope should be tested.  The answer was to cut it into two foot lengths and inspect every cut. The speaker did not recommend a use for the resulting two foot lifelines!  The main wear on a rope is usually at each end, where it is continually tied and untied, so another suggestion was to cut fifteen feet off each end and keep the middle.

I understand that the South Wales Caving Club has the most complete cave rescue kit in the country. It includes a coffin, should the rescue party fail.

The second item on the agenda concerned the subject of rescues in Ireland.  These are a big problem, since the only Irish cavers are in Northern Ireland and they are not many and have little experience, as yet.  Outside help is hardly practicable due to the cost of chartering a plane (cash in advance).  It is quite probable that the R.A.F. would be unable to help. Certainly they would not land in the republic.  Parties who go to Ireland must therefore go on the understanding that if they get into trouble they must be equipped to deal with it themselves.  They are requested also to contact Brian Baldwin, 29 Norfolk Avenue, Burnley, Lanes before leaving - sending an accurate address where they can be contacted and the total number of cavers in the party. If all parties do this, it will do much to ensure that, in the event of trouble, a rescue party can be on the scene as quickly as possible.  There is a small dump of rescue equipment at Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh, and Dr. Lloyd has promised that the M.R.O. will set up a similar one at Ballynalacklan Castle, Lisdoonvarna, Co. Claire.  Should outside help be needed, contact the local Guarda, they have received instructions as to who to contact.  Dr. Lloyd recalled an occasion when some members of the U.B.S.S. got into difficulties and shouted for help, frightening the locals who thought it was the 'little people'!

The third item on the agenda was the formation of a national cave rescue organisation.  There was a lot of discussion on this topic, but no decision was made as there seemed little point in the idea.  It would create many new problems and solve very few existing ones.  We were also given the impression that it would require lots of money that, even if raised, could probably be better spent.

The final item was the reading of the report by the Yorkshire Ramblers on the International Conference in Brussels. Spelio Secours, the Belgian organisation for Cave Rescue, is a national one affiliated to the Red Cross.  It runs a couple of ambulances, and they can reach any part of the country in three hours of an alert.

The long discussion gave us a good appetite for dinner, which was at Perrins Restaurant, just outside Brecon.  Moving about after the meal was thus difficult.  It was a good job that the bar was close handy!  Sunday was miserably wet for the demonstrations, which were held behind the S.W.C.C Headquarters.  The exercise was to blast a new entrance to Weighbridge Cave through a platform of rock.  This was entirely successful.  The afternoon saw a demonstration of a new type of electromagnetic position finder (this has, in fact, been mentioned in the B.B. some time ago - Ed ).  It was placed in Cwm Dwr Cave and its position could be found from the surface by using a detector coil and headphone unit with a high degree of accuracy.

Tony Philpott.


On The Hill

by Stalagmite

For the Christmas Article, several thoughts flickered through what I am forced to call my brain, and the outcome was that a review of the club's activities as seen through the pages of the B.B. during the year might be interesting, so here goes:-

January:

Noted for the great snowfall, the shortage of stuff for the B.B. and the very fine photograph on the back page with promise of more to come.

February:

An article appears on how to write an article.  From this indirectly came 'On the Hill' and it's nice to know that occasionally an editor's efforts are read.  The club has already held a caving meet and a notice in the opening pages announced that tackle was to be removed from Cuthbert’s Stal Pitch.  I understand that only recently a Leaders' Meeting decided to do just that in November.  No photograph, of course, appeared on the back page of the B.B.

March:

Seems to have been one of the few months when births occurred, and we read that Steven Brewer and Jonathan King were born.  Also born in this merry month was a certain nefarious article which for the sake of anonymity you can look up yourself.  The editor said 'we hope that this survey of what is going on on Mendip will contain a good proportion of caving news.  Just shows how wrong you can be!

April:

C.D.G. reports discoveries in Stoke Lane, in an article by Mike Thompson who, it is reported, was not wearing a fireman's helmet.  Garth left to join the army.  However, he was able later in the year to get to the dinner and receive a present.

The caving log is naturally brief but reviewing it, I would like to congratulate Kevin (9th March) who appears to have done sump I twice?  An article on climbing was published and an advert for evening meets. It may be noticed that references to death cults in the B.E.C. were already prominent in the Other Club.

May:

During this month the committee advertised for the Midsummer Barbecue and the Annual Dinner.  Many complaints have reached my ears about lack of entertainments at this year's dinner but if you realise that it was in your hands and you're not satisfied, think of that next year when the same appeal is made.  The club meet was in Fairy Cave Quarry and warranted an article. Was this just to inform us that Bobby bagged a boulder, or a general idea for all meets?  Naming caves was the subject of an article and I can still not see the special reason for not having a Hawthorn Hole.  Can some body please enlighten me?

June:

Rather a controversial month, and an article included 'laying' in one of its paragraphs, and as a result was the only thing so far that anyone has written about 'Stalagmite' I wonder why this is, or is it merely that pen is not worth putting to paper?  Nigel Hallet left for Canada and I gather that in November Mervyn Hannam has also departed thence.

July:

Brings the first news of the excellent work put in at the Belfry by the engineer, John Ransom in a redecoration programme.  I must admit that the old place has changed in the last couple of years.'  The Midsummer Barbecue was a success thanks to Kevin's efforts, although this was never reported in the B.B.  Perhaps everyone went and so a report was not thought to be necessary!

August:

Rather a slim month for news.  Even your scribe 'ere did not write anything spectacular.  An item on nominations for the committee appeared. This was to have repercussions culminating in what some thought was a rather naughty article.  Jill and Norman Tuck and John Ransom and Val Jones got engaged and John also announced that the Belfry had been redecorated.

September:

Brought the aforementioned article on the Committee.  There has been some howling about this article. Personally, I thought that it was fair, though biased since in the main it represented my vote.  Twelve were named, two of whom had no desire for re-election which meant that one of the remainder had to go unless there was a dead heat and it must be remembered that those who had not yet been nominated could not very well have had a write up.

Nuff Said.

October:

The first month in the year when there is any surfeit of gen for the Ed. The A.G.M. and Dinner took place, with Mike Luckwill well to the fore at the A.G.M.  Owing to the usual apathy, the dinner was not enjoyed by all, though no criticism has yet been published, nor any report for that matter.  Perhaps it was beyond words.  This month, a mysterious article appeared from one 'stalactite' saying "some people tell me that they know who you are". Do you? - and if you do, why don't I?

November:

A "scramble" edition of the B.B., my article being a day late and not, as my inspiration (T.W.3.) removed for political reasons.  I notice in a climbing article that Steve Tuck and Roy Bennett 'dropped off.  Surely in climbing this is an extremely dangerous practice.  Also in November, an extraordinary meeting of the club nearly took place.

December:

Which brings us to the present month, as I write just about to start. This has, I suppose, been an adequate year as far as the club is concerned; but has been far from being a good year and miles away from being a memorable one.  However, let me wish you all a Merry Christmas and hope that I shall have a lot of more interesting things to comment upon next year. Perhaps I may even get a reply, but then again, perhaps not.


Skiing On Blackdown

by Roy Bennett with Tony Dunn, Mo Marriott and Ted Gleary.

The heavy snows of last winter provided an unexpectedly fine opportunity for bringing winter sports to Mendip.  Burrington Coombe was the most used venue and several weekends were spent in much needed practise in some fields near the top.  From there, a trip over Blackdown was a logical extension and one morning four of us set off across the farmland between the hill and the road.

This route was a mistake as it took us directly up bracken covered slopes.  The many feet of snow which would be required to give a smooth cover over this sort of surface had hot been provided and progress was slow and tiring as skis slid uncontrollably, first one way and then the other and repeatedly tangled in vegetation.  Tempers were becoming a little frayed by the time the path was reached and a steady upward progress could be resumed.  None of the party possessed skins to provide upward traction and sidestepping or the more inelegant but rapid method of herringboning had to be resorted to. Carrying ski was also tried, but offered no advantage in the rather soft snow.

In spite of these disadvantages, the summit was soon reached (it is not really very far) and we sat down for a rest in the weak sun, which was just breaking through the mist.  A quick compass reading and we were off west between the rows of tussocks which criss-cross the level hilltop.  The wind had been active here and we punted with our sticks up and down the undulations in the snow.  After about half a mile of this, we turned slightly north and began a long gently sloping descent towards Dolbury.  The snow had not consolidated much in depth and it would have been heavy going if it had not been for a wind crust which was just strong enough to support the skis.  With the aid of this, we drifted down a further half mile until a forestry firebreak gave steeper, bumpier running and a few spills.  Another section of bracken, and a path was gained giving a continuous run to Read's Cavern where some enormous icicles depended from the cliff. Lunch was taken at this point, and we shuffled off back towards Burrington.  The track past Rod’s Pot was taken, and once more we slogged up the seemingly endless slopes to the top of Blackdown.  From here, a fine fast run could be taken to the road, descending in minutes what had taken well over an hour to ascend.

E. G. M.

As members are aware, the reason for calling an extra ordinary general meeting of the club arose from a series of unintentional events concerning the arrangements for the recent committee election and resulting in this election being constitutionally invalid.  The "committee", having waited until all the facts came to light, decided that the correct procedure would be to present the situation to the club at an Extra Ordinary General Meeting which, with the aid of some other members, they called for Saturday, November 30th at 3 pm.  A notice to this effect was sent out individually to every paid up member.

At 3 pm., seven members were present.  This number rose steadily to 24 by 3.15 pm, but had dropped to 22 by 3.3., when the Club Chairman announced that it appeared unlikely that the necessary quorum of thirty would be reached, and suggested that members disperse.

At his suggestion, a special committee met next day to examine the situation further and it was decided to hold a new postal ballot for the election of the 1963-64 committee.

Editor.

*****************************************

Although the actual method of voting has not been the point at issue, recent events have caused attention to be drawn to perhaps its only drawback - the possibility of a multiple tie for last place on the committee.  Bearing in mind that it was recently announced that a northern club (believed to be N.P.C.) had called in experts to advise them on this subject, we have decided to examine the Single Transferable Vote system briefly in this B.B. and follow this with a simple addition to our present system which should go a long way towards tidying this aspect of elections up in the future if adopted.

The system requires each voter to indicate his list of preferences for the candidates on his voting form by writing the figures 1,2,3,4; etc to indicate the order of candidates of his choice.  He can do this for all the candidates on the form, of for as few as he wishes. Counting the votes is then carried out as follows:-

All the figure 1's are counted, and marked against each candidate, as though every member had only one vote.  This is where the SINGLE bit of the title of the system comes in.  This will usually result in one candidate getting a majority over the others.  This candidate is then elected.  No more votes are then counted for this candidate, as he is already elected.

For all the other candidates, the number 2's are then added to each of the candidates number 1 votes and the sum examined in each case.  This is where the TRANSFERABLE part comes in, as all the number 1 votes which, as it were, have not been used last time to elect a candidate, are transferred to the next counting in this manner.  This will, in general, result in the election of a second candidate.  In the case of a tie at this stage, the easiest method is to elect both candidates as each of them will, in any case, beat the rest eventually.  This process then goes on until all the required number have been elected.   The whole process takes about three quarters of an hour to compute by hand and the suggested method would be to have three tellers doing this job simultaneously and independently.  Their results could all be handed to the chairman, who would announce the result if all three of any two sets of figures agreed.

It is almost statistically impossible, under B.E.C. conditions to get a tie for last place by this method, and a series of 'dummy runs' have been tried out with success. However, if the method, which in all cases gave the same result as the simple system used at present except where the last place was tied, is thought to be too complicated, a simpler method could be used whereby the voting is carried out as at present but each member is asked to indicate his LAST CHOICE amongst those for whom he has voted, and only in the event of a tie for last place is this information used when the candidate who has the least number of last choice marks is elected.  All this is only a suggestion, but could provide conversation over the odd pint perhaps.

Climbing Meet

North Wales.   Jan 18/I9th. 3rd weekend of 1944.


New Caves at Ystradfellte" />

New Caves at Ystradfellte

by Roger Stenner.

On Monday, 12th August, Pete Miller, Paul Morrel and I set up our tents close to Porth-yr-Ogof where the river Mellte goes underground at Ystradfellte.  In the evening we met Peter Bird, who was camping there with Tony Burke, John Higgs and two S.W.C.C. members, Frank and Douglas Bagueley. Peter had asked for a surveying team to work on a line of small caves on the limestone/grit junction nearby.

Tuesday morning we got to work, at once intrigued by the instability of the caves.  In the second cave we surveyed were some well shaped pots, with a 14 foot drop into them, but I could not manage the climb.  A few yards away, a few rocks were removed and, followed by Doug, I was into a new cave, the biggest so far.  My thumb got cut when I was caught out by a pinnacle, seemingly as solid as the Bank of England that fell to bits at a touch. Exploration complete, it was time for food and repairs.

Pete wandered up to the unclimbed pot and traversed across and around.  After a few crashes, Pete was still at the top, but the floor was a lot nearer with about a ton of rocks that weren't there before.

Wednesday, we got back to our schedule by surveying and photographing both these caves but Pete Bird found another cave and then John found possibly the biggest of the lot, a cave with a very loose roof and some good ochre formations.  After a diversion on Thursday for more conventional caving in Pant Mawr Pot, more photography in the new caves took place on the Friday, then it was back to decent cider country with the least delay.

The caves themselves have several interesting features.  The roof is grit, and the water dripping through very acid, making circular pots of various sizes.  These pots have sharp fluting and pinnacles.  I sharpened a pencil on one pinnacle.  Thin bands of clay in the limestone and the absence of dripstone cementing; make the pinnacles likely to topple over at a touch.  The caves grow until the roof falls in, and the process starts again further in.  The caves are formed parallel with the edge of the grit and many of them have two or more entrances.  The water in the caves found to date cannot be followed far.  Connection with resurgences are unproved.  Because of the acidity of the water, there are no calcite formations.  There are formations of ochre and others of uncertain organic origin.

Let's re-open a nice safe cave - Tankard. How about it, Pete?

 

 


Ice Formations In Caves

Referring to ice caves in general, they must not be confused with glacier caves, which are 'holes' in glaciers like the glacier cave in Switzerland.  There are two main types of Ice Cave.  One is the type having permanent ice formations while the other has ice only at times.

The entrance of our ' Ice Cave' lies approximately north and faces a gully which contained at the time a deep snowdrift.  This helped to turn the outer part of the working into a gigantic refrigerator during the cold spell.  The working contained about five hundred ice 'stalagmites' which took three main shapes. Most of them were of the 'Indian Club' type, while others were shaped like beer/bottles and others again of a lop sided shape rather like a shark fin.  The average height was about two and a half feet while the tallest reached four and a half feet.  The 'Indian Clubs' were about three inches diameter at the top and narrowed down to about one inch diameter at the slender middle section.

The fact that there were very few ice 'stalactites' confirms that there must have been a relatively warm current of air near the roof, probably coming from the inner reaches of the workings, which are quite extensive.  It is also plain that there was a layer of cold air coming from outside the working which enabled the ice stalagmites to be formed.

The formation of the 'Indian Club' type of stalagmite was probably due to a warm layer of air at some time partially melting the centre portion of what were normal stalagmites. The upper part of the club could have been the result of the top melting as it grew into the relatively warmer air near the roof.

The lopsided or 'Shark's Fin' ice formations were formed in a brisk current of air, but whether this was cold air causing quicker freezing on one side, or warmer air causing a partial melt on the other is not certain.

It must be realised, of course, that these are all theories and that it was more or less impossible to study the exact growth of these truly wonderful ice formations, so rarely to be seen underground in this country.

Compiled by Peter F. Bird.   Written by Barry Lane.


Juta Cave Lebanon, Stop Press, Final Word" />

Juta Cave, Lebanon

From the cold to the hot, with an account of a cave in a more reasonable climate

by Bryan Scott.

Twenty miles North of Beirut, the Dog River flows through its strategically important gorge into the Mediterranean.  This deep and steep sided gorge leads up into the mountains which give this country its name, and cover this cave.

The resurgence gushes from beneath a low arch and is, to say the least, a heavy flow of water supplying power for a small hydro-electric station and all the water supply for Beirut itself.  Alongside the river is a small cafe (Cool, draught Almaza) a big car park (fits Chevvys) and a gi-normous souvenir shop cum ticket desk (5/-).  Oh yes, and the entrance to the cave.

A passage very much like the entrance to Wookey leads down gravelled steps to the river.  This is flowing from under yet another, low arch on the right and pouring over a concrete combined dam and landing stage. This dam provides sufficient depth of water in some of the lower chambers for the large punts in which the tourist trip is made.

The Boatman/Guide/Motive power stands on the prow and shovels the water with a paddle thing and the punt slowly moves off upstream.  The cave consists of a series of large chambers connected by a very lofty rift. The water depth varies from two to ninety five feet.  The whole roof is decorated in the most impressive fashion and the banks of silt have very slender stalagmites up to five feet high.  The silt supporting these has in some cases given way under the weight and resulted in 'Y' shaped or curved stalagmites.

The total boat trip is about a thousand metres, after which the passage becomes too narrow for the punt. The cave continues upstream with waterfalls, low bits, dams and chokes for a total of 6,300 metres, where progress is halted by a sump.

Beirut is 2,700 miles from London - or six hours flying and the fare is £142/10/- return.

Editor's Note: Which must be added to the cost of entering the cave, making a total of £142/15/- presumably.

Stop Press

Club members will be sorry to hear that our old friend 'Sago' Rice has had a very serious motorcycle accident in which he has lost his left leg.  He is, at the time of going to press, in, Southmead Hospital, Ward 'T'.  Club members intending to visit him in hospital are asked to get in touch with his mother first at 20 Filton Avenue, Horfield, Bristol 7, or by phone.  (The number is in the book).

We wish Sago a speedy recovery and console ourselves with the thought that, knowing him as we all do, we may feel sure that he will be amongst us again soon.

A Final Word.

We are glad to see so much caving articles - especially those which describe new work.  On the other hand, we still have a fair number of articles describing caves in 'furrin parts' in the stockpile - but nothing else. If no inspiration for an article is forthcoming, a letter is always welcome for publication and gives you the opportunity to put your view in front of the club generally. You may not always get your contribution printed at once, but stuff for the stockpile is just as useful and equally valued.


Annual List of Club Member’s’ Names and Addresses

This list is the one currently used by the B.B. Postal Department and member’s copies of the B.B. are thus sent to the addresses given below.  If yours is out of date, or incorrect in any way, you are asked to get in touch with Kevin Abbey.

528

K. Abbey

15 Gypsy Patch lane, Little Stoke, Bristol

306

T Andrews

135 Danson Road, Bexley, Kent

236

J. Attwood

4 Bridge Road, Shortwood, Nr. Mangotsfield, Bristol

20

R.J. Bagshaw

699 Wells Road, Knowle, Bristol 4

392

M.J. Baker

Model Farm, Milton, Nr. Wells, Somerset

358

D Balcombe

58 Lebanon Road, Croydon, Surrey

546

R. Ball

13 Charis Avenue, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol

290

R. Bater

108 Memorial Road, Hanam, Bristol

214

R. Bennett

3 Russets Cottages, Backwell Common, Somerset.

390

J. Bennett

3 Russets Cottages, Backwell Common, Somerset

451

D. Berry

1 York Place, St. Augustine’s , Brandon Hill, Bristol

417

P. Bird

City Museum, Queens Road, Bristol

364

P.M. Blogg

1 Ridgeway Park, Ridgeway, Bristol

336

A. Bonner

Lane End Cottage, Plumbland, Aspatria, Cumberland

460

P.J. Borchard

35 Hallstead Road, Harrogate, Yorkshire

532

R.J. Brook

130 Sylvan Way, Sea Mills, Bristol 6

320

N Brooks

109 Orolia Street, Eastbourne, New Zealand

551

G.A. Bull

20 Sloane Gardens, London, W.1

506

Miss R. Burnett

51 Bath Road, Brislington, Bristol 4

488

M. Calvert

16 Wetherley Avenue, Old Down, Bath, Somerset

429

R Casling

51 Oakdale Road, Downend, Bristol

366

B.R. Chamberlain

102 Egerton Road, Bishopston, Bristol 7

526

J. Churchward

1 Jamaica Street, Bristol

211

Mrs C. Coase

c/o Lamont, 57 Etna Street, Gosford, New South Wales, Australia

89

S.J. Collins

33 Richmond Terrace, Clifton, Bristol 8

 

P. Compton

29 A.M.Q., R.A.F. Compton Bassett, Calne, Wiltshire

377

D. Cooke-Yarborough.

3 Hillside, Clarefield, Uxbridge, Middlesex.

494

J. Cornwell

26 Russell Road, Fishponds, Bristol

71

A.J. Crawford

3 Hillside, Harefield, Uxbridge, Middelsex

405

F.G. Darbon

43 Arthur Henderson House, Fulham Road, Fulham, London, S.W.6

464

J. Davey

25 Hanson Lane, Halifax, Yorks

350

Mrs A. Davies

10 Bramley Road, Street, Somerset

472

R. Davies

Icknell Way House, A.E.R.E., Harwell, Berkshire

226

I Dear

Tudor Cottage, Vicarage Lane, Studdington, Hampshire

449

G. Dell

L/Cpl. 23128511, 28 Coy., C.A.D., Bramley, Basingstoke, Hampshire

164

K.C. Dobbs

85 Fox Road, Pinhoe, Exeter, Devon

553

R. Drake

83 Greenbank Road, Eastville, Bristol 5

505

D.P. Drew

24 Merynton Avenue, Cannon Hill, Coventry

325

A.J. Dunn

63 Oakdale Road, Downend, Bristol

331

J.A.Etough

116 Newbridge Road, Brislington, Bristol

322

B.M. Ellis

41 Fore Street, North Petherton, Somerset

263

D. England

7 Frome Way, Winterbourne, Bristol

232

C. Falshaw

57 Hallen Grange Crescent, Lodge Moor, Sheffield 10

496

P.G. Faulkner

251 Rowah Crescent, Langley, Middleton, Manchester

269

T. Fletcher

The Old Mill House, Parnack, Nr. Stamford, Lincs

278

S. Fowler

34 R.A.F. Compton, Calne, Wiltshire

469

K. Franklin

18 Clayton Street, Avonmouth, Bristol

468

P. Franklin

18 Clayton Street, Avonmouth, Bristol

404

A. Francis

Address to follow

470

P.M. Giles

2J6 C.P.O.’s Mess, H.M.S. Ark Royal, G.P.O., London

434

D. Greenwood

34 Oaklandst Avenue, Northrowane, Halifax, Yorks

478

S. Grimes

34 Dodworth Drive, Mettlethorpe, Wakefield, Yorkshire

432

N.P. Hallett

Address not known

104

M. Hannam

Address not known

537

N. Hart

80 Ridgeway Road, Long Ashton, Bristol

304

C.W. Harris

14 Market Place, Wells, Somerset

519

R.P. Harte

23 Frobisher Road, Ashton, Bristol 3

4

D. Hassell

 ‘Hill House’, Moorlynch, Bridgwater, Somerset

480

C.J. Hawkes

147 Evington Lane, Leicester

436

J.W. Hill

29 Highbury Road, Horfield, Bristol

387

G. Honey

24 Valentine Crescent, Caversham, Reading, Berkshire

406

D.W. Hoskyns

128 Woodland Gardens, Isleworth, Middlesex

 

R. Howell

123 Landseer Avenue, Lockleaze, Bristol 7

 

T.G. Hutton

21 Alcove Road, Fishponds, Bristol

97

J. Ifold

Leigh House, Nempnett, Chew Stoke, Somerset.

150

P. Ifold

Sunnyside, Rectory Lane, Compton Martin, Somerset

363

M.J. Isles

40 Richmond Street, Totterdown, Bristol

540

D. Irwin

14 South Street, Yeovil, Somerset

438

Miss P. Irwin

26 York Road, Edgebaston, Birmingham 8

555

G.M. Jackson

113 Marissal Road, Henbury, Bristol

522

R. Jarman

c/o South Chase Farm, Chase Lane, Kenilworth, Warwickshire

516

V. Jewell

14 Winterstoke Road, Ashton, Bristol 3

51

A. Johnson

Warren Cottage, Station Road, Flax Bourton, Somerset

560

F. Jones

9 Waterloo Street, Clifton, Bristol 8

486

R. Jones

48 Southdown Road, Emmer Green, Reading, Berkshire

285

U. Jones

Marsh Farm, Askem In Furness, Lancs.

439

W.F. Jones

9 Waterloo Street, Clifton, Bristol 8

529

Miss V. Jones

46 Shakespeare Avenue, Horfield, Bristol

316

R.S. King

22 Parkfield Rank, Pucklechurch, Bristol

542

P. Kingston

3 Kingsely Road, Eastville, Bristol 5

429

R. Kinsman, Mrs

Pond House Farm, Freshford, Bath, Somerset

413

R. Kitchen

1st Batt. 2 E. Anglican Reg., Mercer Barracks, Osnabruck, B.F.P.O. 36

456

T. Knight

61 Worton Way, Isleworth, Middlesex

260

J. Lamb

Broadmeadows, Padstowe Road, Wadebridge, Cornwall

 

Mrs J. Lamb

Broadmeadows, Padstowe Road, Wadebridge, Cornwall

475

B.T. Lane

107 Feeder Road, St. Phillips, Bristol 2

495

M. Luckwill

52 Clifton Down Road, Clifton, Bristol 8

58

G.T. Lucy

Pike Croft, Long Lane, Tilehurst, Reading, Berks.

550

R.A. MacGregor

The Railway Arms, Station Road, Theale, Reading, Berks.

511

N. McSharry

4267236 J/T. 303 S.U., R.A.F., Khormaksar, Aden, B.F.P.O. 69

561

J. Major

10 Blenheim Road, Redland, Bristol 6

275

C. Marriott

718 Muller Road, Eastville, Bristol 5

416

T. Marston

28 Creston Road, Creston, Plymouth, Devon

106

E.J. Mason

11 Kendon Drive Wellington Hill West, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol

558

A.J. Meaden

1 Churchfield, Wincanton, Somerset

383

P.J. Miller

130 Longmead Avenue, Bishopston, Bristol 7

334

D.W. Mitchell

2 Selwood Road, Frome, Somerset

339

G. Mossman

33 Whateley’s End Road, Winterbourne, Bristol

308

K. Murray

17 Harrington Gardens, South Kensington, London, S.W.7

 

F. Nash, Miss

15 Iddesleigh Roiad, Redland, Bristol 6

386

A. Nash

23714348 Pte A.G. (Int) H.Q. East African Command, B.F.P.O. 10

329

T.W. Neil

Bradley Cross, Cheddar, Somerset

330

Mrs T.W. Neil

Bradley Cross, Cheddar, Somerset

 

P. Page

‘A’ Squadron, R.A.F. Compton Bassett, Calne, Wiltshire

557

D. Palmer

9 Forest Road, Kingswood, Bristol

396

M.A. Palmer

Cathedral Coffee Tavern, 3 St. Thomas Street, Wells, Somerset

492

Miss S.E. Paul

Flat H, 21 Lovelace Road, Surbiton, Surrey

 

J. Pembry

Grove View, Hambrook, Nr. Bristol

22

L. Peters

21 Melbury Road, Knowle, Bristol 4

160

N. Petty

12 Bankside Road, Brislington, Bristol

499

A. Philpot

3 Kings Drive, Bishopston, Bristol

56

G. Platten

‘Rutherfield’, Fernhill Lane, New Milton, Hants.

568

Miss B. Plummer

2 Hogarth Walk, Lockleaze, Bristol

450

G. Pointing

10 Green Lane, Avonmouth, Bristol

337

B. Prewer

East View, West Horrington, Nr. Wells, Somerset

342

R.J. Price

2 Weekes Road, Bishop Sutton, Somerset

503

D. Quicke

Address unknown

504

Mrs D. Quicke

Address unknown

291

D. Radmore

2 Dunkeld Road, Filton, Bristol

481

J. Ransom

15 South View, Lenthay, Sherborne, Dorset

358

C.H.G. Rees

7 Coberley Road, Footshill, Hanham, Bristol

452

Mrs Rees

7 Coberley Road, Footshill, Hanham, Bristol

552

B. Reynolds

76 Hampton Road,  Redland, Bristol 6

241

A.L.C.Rice

13 Wades Road, Filton, Bristol

343

A. Rich

c/o Pox 126, Basham, Alberta, Canada

 

L. Rihan

Lilac Cottage, Lamyat, Shepton Mallet, Somerset

443

R.J. Roberts

5 Bennett Street, Bath, Somerset

489

Mrs Robinson

10 Linden Road, Redland, Bristol 6

490

G. Robinson

10 Linden Road, Redland, Bristol 6

157

Miss J.P. Rollason

141 North Road, St. Andrews Park, Bristol 6

240

A. Sandall

43, Meadway Avenue, Nailsea, Somerset.

359

Mrs. A. Sandall

43, Meadway Avenue, Nailsea, Somerset

237

B.M. Scott

Abbotscroft, 45 Chilkwell Street, Glastonbury, Somerset

482

G. Selby

38 Hawkers Lane, Wells, Somerset

508

A. Selway

15 Street Martin’s Road, Knowle, Bristol 4

78

R. Setterington

4 Galmington Lane, Taunton, Somerset

533

Mrs R. Setterington

4 Galmington Lane, Taunton, Somerset

213

R. Setterington

5 Moycullen Court. 96 Maida Vale, London W.9

425

J. Simonds

Coryndon Museum Centre, Box 30239, Nairobi, Kenya

556

C.J. Slavin

340 Speedwell Road, St. George, Bristol

414

C. Smith

48 Windsor Road Leyton, London E10

473

D. Smith

3 Providence Place, Reading, Berks.

276

J. Stafford

Wern Isaf, Pethel, Cearns

38

Mrs. I. Stanbury

74, Redcatch Road, Knowle, Bristol. 4.

1

T.H. Stanbury

6 Aubrey Road, Bristol 3

547

W. Stanton

Crabtrees, Wraxhill Close, Street, Somerset

365

R. Stenner

38 Paultow Road, Victoria Park, Bristol 3

381

Mrs. Stenner

38 Paultow Road, Victoria Park, Bristol 3

514

E.P. Tackle

29 Haydon Gardens, Romey Gardens, Lockleaze, Bristol 7

284

A. Thomas

Westhaven School, Uphill, Weston s Mare, Somerset

497

M. Thomson

7 New Street, Wells, Somerset

498

Mrs. M. Thompson

7 New Street, Wells, Somerset

502

G. Tilly

 ‘Jable’, Digby Road, Sherborne, Dorset

74

J. Tompsett

Mallins, Lodge Avenue, Great Baddow, Chelmsford, Essex

80

Mrs. D. Tompsett

Mallins, Lodge Avenue, Great Baddow, Chelmsford, Essex

326

E. Towler

5 Boxgrove Gardens, Aldwick, Bognor Regis, Sussex

544

P. Townsend

154 Sylvia Avenue, Lower Knowle, Bristol 3

512

N. Tuck

33 St. Arvans Road, Cwmbran, Monmouthshire

382

S. Tuck

13 Hanbury Road, Clifton, Bristol 8

462

Mrs. S. Tuck

13 Hanbury Road, Clifton, Bristol 8

175

D. Waddon

32 Laxton Close, Taunton, Somerset

 

J.K. Waldron

50 Gill Avenue, Fishponds, Bristol

79

R.M. Wallis

55 Fluin Lane, Frodsham, Warrington, Lancs

536

R.E. Webster

131 Eastville Road, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol

538

C.D. West

21 Douglas Road, Hollywood, Birmingham

539

R.A. West

21 Douglas Road, Hollywood, Birmingham

525

D. Weston

10 Woodcroft Road, Brislington, Bristol 4

441

G.O. Weston

126 Woodside Road, Beaumont Park, Huddersfield

442

Mrs. G. Weston

126 Woodside Road, Beaumont Park, Huddersfield

397

M. Wheadon

27 High Street, Shepton Mallet, Somerset

553

R. White

22 Bayham Road, Knowle, Bristol 4

 

A.E. Whitcombe

Address to follow

520

C. Wildgoose

18 Baileybrook Drive, Langley Mill, Notts

549

A.J. Williams

54 Crossways, Roggiett, Newport, Monmouthshire

 

L.J. Williams

2 East Grove, Montpelier, Bristol

509

R. Wilmut

36 Rudthorpe Road, Horfield, Bristol 7

559

B. Wilton

22 Wedmore Vale, Knowle, Bristol 4

518

J.G. Wolff

Roughdown, Clevedon Walk, Bath, Somerset

418

E.A. Woodwell

Address to follow

501

A.M. Wring

8 Oakleaze Road, Gillingstool, Thornbury, Glos

477

R.F. Wyncoll

9 St. Christians Croft, Cheylesmore, Coventry

Correngenda.  (Sorry, Corrigendum)

Dick Cooke-Yarborough’s address, which was originally written as Tony Crawford’s address in error, owing to a sudden attack of stupidity on the part of the editor should read: -

Cook-Yarborough, D. The Beeches, St. Briavels, Lydney, Glos.

*****************************************

Did you approve of the B.B.
                         As it appeared in '63?
                                      Or would you like to see far more
                                                  Good articles in '64?

                                        Now if the latter bit is true -   The remedy is UP TO YOU

*****************************************

THE BELFRY BULLETIN. Secretary: R.J. Bagshaw, 699 Wells Rd, Knowle, Bristol 4
Editor, S.J. Collins, 33 Richmond Terrace, Clifton, Bristol 8.
Postal Department, K. Abbey, 15 Gypsy Patch Lane, Little Stoke, Bristol.