The Bristol Exploration Club, The Belfry, Wells Road, Priddy, Wells, Somerset.
Editor: Dave Turner


If you have not yet paid you 1986-87 subscriptions then enjoy this-BB as it is the last you will receive - you have been warned! ! .


7th March          Austria meeting in the Belfry - see page 3

7th March          Cuthbert’s leaders meeting - back room of The Hunters at 7pm. - see page 3

13/21 March      8 1/2 day camp in Daren Cilau - see page 5

6th June            Wessex Challenge - Belfry ground at 4pm. - see page 2.

Dinner referendum

As requested, we are including a referendum (skilfully prepared by Trebor) asking for members comments concerning the annual dinner.  Please find the time to fill it in and return it to Mike as otherwise we shall continue with the same format as in previous years.

BEC Sweat and T Shirts

Tony Jarratt has a number of the new sweat and T shirts still for sale.  If you want one (or more) then contact Tony a.s.a.p.

Membership Changes

New Members

1080     Tony Church, Shepton Mallet, Bath
1081     Phillip Provis, Paulton, Bristol
1082     Robin Brown, Cheddar, Somerset
1083     Nicholas Sprang, East Street, Worcester
1084     Richard Stevens, Worcester, Worcestershire

Address Changes

890       Jerry Crick, Leighton Buzzard, Bucks
1001     Graeme Johnson, Cosby, Leicester
1046     Dave Shand, Penarth, Cardiff
949       John Watson, Wells, Somerset
1019     Lavinia Watson, Wells, Somerset
1068     Jon Whiteley, Denbury, Devon
1031     Mike Wigglesworth, Wells, Somerset

Ratified Members

1070     Mary Robertson                         1073     Clive Lovell
1072     Mike McDonald                         1074     Tracey Newstead

Membership Changes

See Alfies notes on page 21 for corrections to the list published in the last BB.



Pierre's Pot

This was first banged open by Pete and Alison Moody in 1983 giving 300 ft. of large passage.  A very strong draught was followed down a tight rift to a choke with distant sound of a stream (Flange Swallet is only 50 ft. away). Andy Sparrow started digging there with Pete and Alison in the spring of 1986 and the breakthrough occurred on January 17th this year.  100 ft. of passage was found leading to the water which was followed downstream to an aven and a sump.  Upstream there is a larger streamway and extensive dry series ending in well decorated chambers. Total length is 500 ft. - work continues.

Andy Sparrow 

Gough’s Show Cave

Andy Sparrow and Chris Castle have opened up a new route to the water in Lloyd Hall.  Starting at the top of the 70 ft. pitch is a descending rift to a chimney landing on a chockstone.  From there it is a 35 ft. pitch to the water.

Andy Sparrow

Wessex Challenge

As members are aware it is our duty to organise the Wessex Challenge for 1987, this being the "prize" for winning it again last year.  The theme of the challenge will be "The Quest for the Rusty Tankard" and will be held on 6th June at 4pm.

St. Cuthbert’s

The on-going clean-up down Cuthbert’s is plodding on at a leisurely pace but it isn't until you start bringing rubbish out that you realise exactly how much is down there.

After a consultation with Brian Prewer, I've brought out quite a bit of the old telephone wire, especially between Wire Rift and Gour Hall.  It was broken in so many places it was more of a nuisance than an asset.  In any event, for rescue purposes we have the mole phone so the telephone is presumably not now needed.  If needed it would be quicker to lay a new line than repair the old one.

Although regular specific cleaning-up trips exist everybody can do their bit by shifting stuff they find scattered about "uphill" as it were.  Every bit helps.  In particular, there's a few bags at the bottom of the Entrance Rift; a filthy great long piece of tubing at the bottom of Pulpit Pitch and a dump of stuff just downstream of the main streamway duck.  I've also found a carbide dump in Lower Mud Hall which will be cleaned up next visit.  Who the hell's using carbide down there?

Mike (Trebor) McDonald

St. Cuthbert’s Leaders Meeting

This had to be postponed and is now due to be held in the back room of The Hunters on Sat. 7th March at 7pm.  It is a long time since we last held a meeting and I hope that all leaders will make a positive attempt to attend.

For those who are not sure how the leader system works here are a few notes.  The leader system was set up soon after the cave was opened in 1953 with the prime objective to protect the cave.  It was realised that if unrestricted access was allowed many passages would be pushed which although appearing 'virgin' have either been carefully pushed to avoid damage to formations or were known, through the survey, to re-enter the known cave after after a very short distance.

Leaders have to make a number of trips into the cave, showing that they are familiar with all the major routes and have their 'leaders' form 'ticked off' by current leaders. The prospective leader's attitude with regards to conservation etc. is also taken into account before they are issued with a key.

Originally leaders had to be members of the BEC but back in the late 60's we extended the scheme to cover people outside the club providing that they had adequate insurance cover. This move was taken on two accounts; firstly, to head off accusations that the BEC were keeping Cuthbert’s as their own private cave; and secondly, to allow other clubs to provide their own leaders for their trips, thus taken some of the 'tourist trip' load from the BEC leaders.

I think that the leader system speaks for itself, there have been relatively few accidents in spite of the problems of the entrance rift, and the cave is not being spoilt quite as fast as most of the other caves.  This doesn't mean that we should be complacent and pat ourselves on the back. In fact we should be ashamed at the amount of rubbish etc. that has remained in the cave after digging pushes (I am as guilty of this as anyone!), and I am pleased to see that present members intend to do something about it (see Trebor's notes above)

Dave Turner


There will be a meeting in the Belfry on Saturday 7th March, for anybody interested in corning to Austria this summer.

The trip will revolve mainly around connecting last summers discovery - Weisalmschacht, with the Hirlatzhohle, making one of the deepest through trips in the world.

We hope to keep the numbers reasonably low this year as 3 car loads of BEC, the same number of NCC and a coach load of South Wales CC. tourists somewhat upset the local cavers and made a mockery of our host, Robert's "camp where you like but don't let the Foresters see you" policy!!  Those wishing to go should be proficient in S.R.T.

Mark Lumley

Treasurer's Report

Since the last B.B. little has changed on the financial front, we still have regular and quite healthy income arriving from the Belfry Bednights and deposit savings now total some £750.  The current account goes up and down like a yo-yo and there is little point in telling you what's in it, but suffice to say we're in a generally comfortable financial position at profit.

However, with the winter and cold weather now with us, guests and members staying at the Belfry may decrease which together with increased coal consumption and lighting etc. will affect income somewhat.  In addition, some £500 has just disappeared from the current account to pay for the new sweat and T-shirts and although this will be recovered in due course from sales, the cash flow has been hit a little.

Furthermore, following the fire in the Belfry over the New Year, the Committee decided it was necessary to update the fire prevention/tackling situation.  Hopefully we won't have another fire but we might as well learn from this one.  Some observers on the night of the fire mentioned a few pertinent matters which may need up-grading and changing.   This could cost £500 or so, thus proving a further drain on resources.

If you keep supporting the club by buying the new sweat and T-shirts and by using the Belfry, I think we'll survive a little longer,

Mike (Trebor) McDonald.


Our thanks go to Ron Wyncoll for the donation to the club of an Oldham charging rack, many thanks.

Black Holes Expedition

A 200 hour (8 1/2 day) sponsored camp in Daren Cilau has been organised starting on Friday 13th March. The team will be digging to try and get the Aggy connection over and done with.  Money raised will go towards the Black Holes Expedition to Mexico.  BEC members on the expedition will be Bob Cork, Dany Bradshaw, Tim Gould, Steve Milner and Mark Lumley.  All donations gratefully received.  Visitors at the camp are welcome.


Jill Tuck

It is with the deepest regret that we must record the passing of Jill Tuck, who died on Friday, January 9th of this year.  To her husband, Norman, we extend our heartfelt sympathy.

Jill Rollason, as she was before her marriage, joined the B.E.C. in 1949 and was one of the first girls to do so.  From then on, the club always occupied a special place in her affections and throughout her life she remained one of its most loyal supporters.  She became a Life Member in 1973.  From assisting in the work on the excavation of the Roman villa at Kingsweston, she went on to take part in the early exploration of Stoke Lane Slocker, and pioneered some very tight passages, including one which became known at the time as " Rollason's Romp".  She took an active part in a number of club projects; wrote for the B.B. on a variety of topics and was elected as Ladies' Representative to the club committee in 1951.

Jill was forced to resign from this position the following year due to ill health, but came back to play an active part in the surveying of Redcliffe caves and the opening of Pen Park Hole.  On a lighter note, she was responsible for the expression 'The B.E.C. get everywhere.' and her wide range of interests included submitting entries for the song competitions of 1961 and 1962.  She played a very considerable part in building the stone hut at present used by the M.R.O. and the gargoyle at the end of this building was her work.

After her marriage to Norman Tuck, they moved to Wales to live at Llanfrechfa, where they became noted for their work in the Roman mine at Draethen, near Machen, Newport.  Their discovery that this is the only known Roman mine not to have been worked subsequently was a notable 'first'.

In later years, when her health began to fail; her mind remained as active as ever and was keen and alert to the very end.  It is no exaggeration to say that Jill played a very great part in creating the club spirit for which the B.E.C. is justifiably proud.


Fame At Last???



Extensions On Llangattock Mountain

By Mark Lumley

A few months ago the Crew started speculating about likely places to dig in Agen Allwedd with a view to a Hard Rock Connection.  Superimposing a grid of probable fault lines onto a survey of caves of the CWM Clydach Catchment, it became apparent that both Daren and Aggy largely follow a set pattern through the mountain.  Passages head predominantly from NNW-SSE interrupted by minor holdups and switchbacks which almost invariably head off to the East.  A logical assumption was that the 12 O'clock High boulder choke was held up on a major fault running down through the Trident passage in Aggy. I drew on a passage heading NNW from this point and, assuming that it behaved in the same way as those on either side projected it through a point very closed to Gothic Passage (Southern Streamway) and on up to Midnight Passage (Just off the second boulder choke in Aggy).

Fish used to dig Gothic Passage back in the 60's.  His description of it sounded very much like parts of Hard Rock. Blitz and I went to look at Midnight Passage.  I burst out laughing when we climbed into it.  It's identical to the Rock Steady Cruise - crystal covered walls, constricted switchbacks, undulating red roof etc.

We wrote to Bill Gascoigne of the Aggy Committee requesting permanent key and permission to dig Gothic Passage and Midnight Passage.  The key was granted, Midnight was O.K. to dig but the Gloucester C.C. and Chelsea S.S. had both started digging in different parts of Gothic.

Preliminary digs in Midnight by teams of BEC and UC4 made minor extensions but a large rubble cone fallen from an aven blocks the way on.  Work continues and looks very promising.

Meanwhile, on the 11th of January, the two Rival digging groups down at Gothic Passage both made breakthroughs, the Gloucester finding 400ft of Railway Tunnel sized passage and the Chelsea about 1200ft of wide bedding passage with occasional chambers.

The following weekend Jim Smart and I drove over to Whitewalls and were amused to see two somewhat over manned digging teams heading down the cave in search of 'caverns measureless!!'  We followed them down early in the evening.

The Chelsea extension (Renaissance) is excellent despite several long, low crawls.  Crystals cover the walls and there are some fine walking passages.  Again, it's similar to Hard Rock.  Jim and I arrived at the end to find the four remaining Chelsea cavers digging out a sand choke.

We joined in and an hour later broke through into another 180 foot of open passage ending in another straightforward sandy dig.  The end of this passage is right next to the first sump in Aggy and it looks likely to connect to 'a dry' inlet between sumps in the May time series.

Meanwhile, the Gloucester group had broken through again into extensive walking passage broken up with occasional crawls.  Large Avens in both extensions suggest the presence of a higher series.  This extension is heading South East, straight towards the terminal boulder choke of the Hard Rock.

In all about a mile of passage has been explored so far.  Both extensions follow the lines of our projected passage extensions with almost alarming accuracy.  Needless to say, the crew are back down at Hard Rock next weekend as a race is clearly on with a connection definitely on the cards in the near future.


The Exploration Of West End Series. May 1983 – May 1986

The following article was intended for inclusion in a Caving Report to be published on completion of the survey of the West End Series.  Due to present caving politics it would seem that any future publishing of surveys of S.S.S.I’s would be against the interests of the Mendip caving fraternity and so it has been decided to include this write-up in the B.B.  My apologies for the somewhat monotonous nature of this report but it has been written essentially to record details of the exploration of the series for the benefit of future speleo­historians.  Should an Eastwater Caving Report ever come to fruition this article will be updated and included.

Tony Jarratt.      4/7/86

"Where wilt thou find a cavern dark enough to mask thy monstrous visage?"    Shakespeare

From the B.E.C. Log(8/5/83) - Keith Gladman and Andy Lolley visited Ifold's Series, via Dolphin Pot and Harris's Passage, where they had a "frig in the boulders'!


On an uncertain date, probably the 28th May, KG and AL dug into several hundred feet of roomy inclined bedding and rift passages after a total of some six hours of excavation in the low tube at the end of Ifold's Series.  The two main rift passages in the new SOHO and THE STRAND series were named SOHO and THE STRAND the extension itself being christened WEST END SERIES due to its position relative to the rest of the cave.

The following week KG and eight B.E.C. entered the new stuff intent on surveying, unfortunately forgetting the tape in their excitement!  Tim Large's compass bearings showed the dip to be 210o.


Most of the obvious side passages were explored to gain a couple of hundred feet of extensions, one of these leading to an 80ft high aven free climbed by TL and Stuart MacManus to where it became too tight. This was later estimated to be almost directly below the club's Morton' s Pot Dig.  The new series was dry at this time.

Phil Romford, Tony Jarratt and John Watson followed the first team after a liquid lunch.  It was raining on the surface as they entered the cave.  After route finding problems they met KG’s team at the breakthrough point, continuing on into the West End as the others left for the surface.  The downpour had by now travelled through the cave and entered West End from the 80ft aven (Snotrom Aven), sinking in a tight bedding plane below.  The three tried to follow this water, the most likely route being an awkward bedding (the ORGAN GRINDER) which PR pushed for some way to a very tight squeeze.  AJ passed the squeeze after a struggle and he and JW pushed two further squeezes to reach a descending canyon passage with a 20ft pitch in the floor which was traversed over to reach an eyehole above a deep pitch.  This was estimated at 60-80ft deep and the stream could be heard clearly below, though blasting of the eyehole was deemed necessary to allow access.  The 20ft pitch was free climbed to a short passage and further tight pitch estimated at 30ft.  This section of cave was named GREEK STREET after a low thoroughfare in Soho.  A tiring exit was made and the heaps of froth in the 380ft Way testified to the amount of floodwater that had passed through the cave.  A third team of Jim Smart and Mark Lumley never reached the new series, getting lost in Ifold's en route.


June 11th saw a large team, I.G, AJ, AL, JW, TL, SM and G1yn Bolt (W.C.C.) on a 7+ hour trip attempting to push Greek St.  After widening the top section of the 30ft pitch AJ descended to a wider section with an extremely tight inclined squeeze entering the side of the un-descended 75ft pitch.  He and KG passed the squeeze and laddered 25ft to the floor of the pitch, christened GLADMAN SHAFT.  They went off to explore while the others attempted to widen the eyehole above with a hammer and chisel as it was thought the squeeze could not be reversed.

The explorers entered a high rift passage where a 2ft sta1agmite column was- removed to pass a constricted section.  Beyond lay some 200ft of larger passage with many loose boulders, ending in another tight section.  This and various climbs in the main rift were left for the future and the two had a desperate struggle back up the inclined squeeze as the chisellers had failed to open up the eyehole - the thought of being blasted out of their predicament losing all appeal when the strong inward draught was noted!  A slow, tiring exit was made which set the trend for all future trips in this awkward and exhausting series.  Before leaving the eyehole was "banged" by TL.

The results of the bang were checked the following day by JW a Darren Granfield who found the eyehole to be “comp1etely demolished.”   They laddered the resulting 25ft rift to reach a ledge with a further roomy 50ft pitch to the bottom of the shaft.  The passages below we re-inspected but nothing new found apart from some fine helictites.


Returning to the squeeze out of the Organ Grinder, an up-dip passage with a stalagmite false floor was pushed for some 30ft to junction with a large rift passage - REGENT STREET - 8ft wide by 3 high and liberally decorated with flowstone, helictites, cave pearls etc.  At one point the passage was barred by a series of foot high crystal cones - the TERMITE HILLS.  Its delicate beauty earned this area the title of CRYSTAL PALACE.


The two completely mind-boggled explorers returned along Regent St. little expecting to almost walk into another 100ft of high level rift 15ft above the floor of the main passage.  This was later named WARDOUR STREET.  A major boulder choke sealed the end of this passage but JW looked at possible climbs to reach higher levels that could be seen above.  The rift was estimated at probably 100ft high in places.

Hardly able to believe their luck the two started out but soon met Graham Wilton - Jones, Jane Clarke and “Bucket” Tilbury.  These three were dubious when told of the new finds so were dragged off to Crystal Palace where they were forced to repent.  The Termite Hills were passed with care and a short stretch of formation filled passage entered which dropped down to yet another marvel - an emerald green lake 3ft wide by 30ft long with a drop beyond to a further pool and stalagmite choke.  Following the mode of London place-names the pool obviously became THE SERPENTINE.  All then made an excited exit to spread the good news, though anyone who was familiar with Eastwater was found to be difficult to convince!


On 15th June PR photographed Crystal Palace and Regent St.  A few small rift passages nearby were examined and named THREADNEEDLE STREET eighteen months later!

These rifts were again looked at three days later by AJ, TL, GB, JW and Andy Sparrow.  They were pushed in various directions for some 200ft and found to be well adorned with thousands of small helictites.  As established, a handshake connection from a tight hole in the floor of the entrance to Regent St. to the "dog-legs" at the head of Greek St.


This team then continued to the end of Greek St. to attack the terminal squeeze with hammer and chisel.  When widened to the size of AJ, he was poked through to discover 20ft of tight, potholed canyon passage which abruptly doubled back on itself at the head of a beautiful 40ft pitch - LOLLEY POT.  His screams of ecstasy lured AS and JW through the squeeze and while GB rushed back to Gladman Shaft for a ladder the three admired the new pitch.  Perfectly oval and some 20ft long by 8ft wide the pot was a free-hanging one in black lime­stone.  A real classic.  On receiving the ladder all three descended to find 80ft of slimy keyhole passage, a 6ft pot and 30ft of roomy phreatic tube ending in a body sized tube with a howling draught whistling in.  This was half full of water and obvious signs of recent sumping to some 30ft up the walls precluded any investigation at this time.  Great difficulty was had in reversing the muddy 6ft pot and keyhole passage and another weary exit was made.  To quote the B.E.C. Log "…with much moaning and cursing.  A bloody fine trip.”

Work on mapping the new finds commenced on June 22nd when Trevor Hughes, Rob Harper, Edric Hobbs and DG completed a grade 5 survey from the Serpentine to the Greek St. / Organ Grinder junction.


25th June. AJ, SM, TL, PR, JW, Matt Tuck and Brian Prewer.  JW continued his series of climbs into the roof of Wardour St. to find an ascending low passage - UPPER WARDOUR STREET - which was not fully explored.  Two teams surveyed from the squeeze above Lolley Pot and from the head of Greek St. to the 35ft pitch below Dolphin Pot.  A draughting hole above the "Lolley Pot squeeze" was banged by TL.

The following day JW and Mark Brown found a further 100ft in Upper Wardour St. to a point where loose boulders blocked the way on.  Some small red stalagmite flow was noted and it was assumed that the end was not far below the surface.  Meanwhile TH and RH surveyed Wardour St. and the remainder of Regent St.  It was on this trip that the name Wardour St. was first used.  From the Log "….Rob says it's where Blue Movies are made! Also from the Log TH pleaded “Will somebody stop Quiet John discovering passage quicker than we can survey it.”

Three days later TL, Dave Turner and Paul Hodgson inspected the results of the previous week’s bang, which had done little, and looked at other holes in the roof of Greek St.  PH photographed the pretties in Regent St.

July saw continued enthusiastic exploration.  On the 2nd, DG, JW, Andrew George and Ian Caldwell carried on with investigations in the Threadneedle St. area.

On the 7th Barry Wharton was conned into dragging RB's diving gear to the Serpentine where a dive was made to 12ft depth and all parts of the pool checked.  “Definitely NO way on!”

Two days later a large party entered the cave. GB, Pete Hann and Julie Wootton (all W.C.C.) photographed in Regent St. while JW, AJ, TL and Dave “Skunk” Newsome (U.S.A.) took radio - location equipment to the end of Wardour St, where a successful fix was established by BP and helpers on the surface.  The point located is 150-200ft below ground level at a point near the E.S.C.C. hut. Also on this trip another 30ft of rift was found off Regent St. and a visual connection made from the top of Soho back into Ifold's Series.  Only a few rocks were moved to open this up revealing that the new series has always been virtually open!  The connection was not physically passed due to its loose nature but may be useful in the event of a rescue.

On the 13th July (!) Pete & Angie Glanville and Tony Boycott (C.S.S.) failed to find the new series. On the 21st JS and Neill Scallon (C.S.S.) at last succeeded but light failure ended their trip.  They returned the following day with fresh lights and visited Regent St.

AJ, TL, Martin Grass, Chris Castle, Steve Lane, Debbie Armstrong and I.C.C.C. members Chris Birkhead and Hark Bound followed them a day later to photograph and place a further bang on the "Lolley Pot II Squeeze.

With the continued good weather, an attack on the end of Greek St. was planned and on 6th August AJ and Graham "Ug" Summers (N.C.C.) moved eight sandbags of liquid mud and gravel from the tube before disillusionment set in.  Very strong draught was evident.  JW extended his examination of roof passages to the Greek St. area.  On the same day JS, NS and ML visited the "pretties" but light failure again forced a retreat.  Will they ever reach the bottom?

Work on the dig continued on the 27th when TL, AJ, and Peter Bolt (C.U.C.C.) accompanied by Howard & Debbie Limbert, Alan Box and "Noddy" (N.C.C.) removed more bags of mud and gravel to allow AJ to squeeze along 15ft of foul, muddy crawl into 20ft of roomier phreatic rift passage.  The stream sank behind mud banks just below this and a nearby hole appeared to connect with the continuation of the streamway but this was too tight to pass. TL yet again banged the "Lolley Pot squeeze.  PB photographed the pretties and got lost three times.  He also lost most of his overalls and the arse of AJ's furry suit which was underneath!  The N.C.C. team were suitably derogatory about Mendip caves.


October saw the next visit to the series when, on the 8th, AJ, and BW were there in wet conditions. No water was entering via Snotrom Aven but a stream was heard in Soho.  This reappeared in the 20ft aven off Greek St. after appearing briefly further back as a 6ft waterfall seen through a rock window high on the south east wall.  Beyond the "terminal dig" some 50ft of inclined tube was pushed and named BLACKWALL TUNNEL - neither for its ample size or cleanliness.  Smoke bombs fired at the draughting rift above "Lolley Pot squeeze" were not detected in Regent St. or anywhere else.  Other bombs lit in the Strand succeeded merely in asphyxiating those present.

29th October. TL and AJ, later assisted by Alan Taylor (W.C.C.) re-excavated the old route from the Boulder Ruckle straight into Boulder Chamber to give an easier access route to parties working in West End.

As a result of five months of almost exclusive Eastwater trips and with the approach of winter, visits to the new series tailed off and it was not until 15th April, 1984 that the next important trip took place.  TL, AJ, AL and Robin Gray went to bang the draughting hole above "Lolley Pot squeeze" but were foiled by lack of wire which it was forgotten had been removed from the cave some weeks before!  AL and AJ surveyed from the end of Blackwall Tunnel to the aforementioned squeeze - a filthy and arduous job.  All left the cave at 8.20pm, one and a half hours overdue, to be met by a prospective rescue party of Alan Downton and Fiona Lewis.  On this trip a hibernating bat was noticed in the passage between Soho and the Strand.

On the 5th May TL and AJ surveyed up-dip in the Strand to a terminal 20ft aven and down-dip to Snotrom Aven.  The cave was bone dry apart from the providentially continuous trickle at the “Magic Fountain” in Ifold Series.

Surveying continued on the 26th with JW, AJ and Nick Hill (S.M.C.C.) completing Upper Wardour St. Smoke bombs lit in Morton's Pot were not detected in West End but produced a faint smell at the “Magic Fountain”.  The new series was now one year old.

On the two Wednesday evenings of 13th and 20th June PR and TL dug and banged at the sharp bend just before Regent St.  On 24th these two plus AJ and Mike? (ex M.C.G.) rushed to this site for the breakthrough.  PR shifted about half a ton of boulders, blocking both his own exit and that of those below him for over an hour!  A short section of open passage was entered but was blocked by more loose boulders. A couple of narrow escapes resulted from this trip - large "Henrys" and gravity being responsible.  To cure this PR, TL and Jeremy Henley banged the offending boulders on the 27th noting that fumes were evident at the top of the strand.

This area saw its final visit on 11th July by PR, TL, JH and Tim Swan.  The last bang had removed some of the boulders but many more blocked the way on.  An aural connection was established through the choke to a similar blockage in the floor of Wardour St. above.  The dig was then abandoned.

With a distinct lack of enthusiasm from B.E.C. members who had worked bloody hard in the cave for over a year and with a tight and muddy crawl being the only feasible way on, it was decided to invite the W.C.C. in the shape of Pete and Alison Moody to assist in further exploration.  Accordingly on 30th June they went to the end of the new series with AJ, JW and Rich Websell (WC.C.).  Alison managed to pass the terminal squeeze at the top of Blackwall Tunnel to be stopped by another squeeze after 6ft.  The stream sink and nearby hole were investigated but need banging.

Meanwhile work on the survey slowly progressed.  On 11th August AJ and JW surveyed the loop passage off Organ Grinder and the remainder of Soho.  TL and P & AM returned to the Blackwall Tunnel to place 2lb of bang on the two end squeezes.  The result was inspected within half an hour as the fumes quickly dispersed in the strong draught.  AM passed the final section to gain 10ft of tight passage and a further constriction which was then blasted with another 21b.  All then left the cave.

A return was made here on 15th September by AJ, P & AM and Pete Watts (W.C.C.).  The terminal squeeze was chiselled out and passed by AM to yet another squeeze which PM banged.  AM then conquered this to jubilantly emerge in a 10-15ft high, well decorated cross rift with a descending bedding plane ahead. Loneliness, pools of bang fumes and the instability of the floor gave AM good excuses for an honourable retreat, but before struggling back to sanity the last squeeze was again banged.


Further exploration here was then delayed due to an unfortunate club squabble which lasted for a few weeks until resolved in the traditional manner at a convivial Wessex barrel party.  Thus on 27th Sept. a combined team returned to the "wide" open extensions in very wet conditions.  JW, AJ, P &. AM and Paul Whybro (W.C.C.) all passed the squeezes to CHARING CROSS.  The promising bedding plane closed down both up and down-dip though an extra down-dip section led to a small static sump.  The cross rift was not pushed far up-dip as straws and loose boulders partially blocked the route.  The down-dip continuation, to the south east, was a fairly level and crystal floored rift with a profusion of formations similar to those of Regent St, somewhere above. AJ doffed his filthy boots and oversuit to follow this for some 60ft to a junction with a much larger gallery.


This sealed the fate of the crystal floor and all were soon assembled in this 10ft high sandy floored passage admiring a stalagmite resembling a cricket ball on a stick.  With the 50th anniversary of both clubs being upon them it was unanimously decided to christen this major new passage JUBILEE LINE. Some 60ft further, after a traverse over a collapsed area of floor, the edge of a 50ft pitch was reached.   The large black space below issued forth the siren call of an active stream. Not having any tackle the area was searched for alternative ways down resulting in the discovery of two more pitches, 30ft and 20ft deep but definitely not free-climbable.  On the way "out an interesting hole" under a flow stone bank in the up-dip rift of Charing Cross was chiselled open to allow AM to force another squeeze to the head of a 15ft phreatic pot, assumed to connect with the unknown route below the other pitches.


After a suitable rest the attack was resumed on 10th November with a strong party of TL, AJ, P & AM, Pete W, GB, Geoff Newton and Jeff Price (W.C.W.).  Passage versus body size left GB at "Lolley squeeze" and JP in the Blackwall Tunnel.  The rest reached the new stuff with a struggle and an awkward descent of the 20ft pitch Pot was made into a large but gloomy and obviously flood prone chamber at the base of the two larger pitches.  This instantly became the CHAMBER OF HORRORS.  The enticing stream entered from a tiny crawl only to sink into a tight rift some 20ft below the boulder “floor.”  This inlet proved to give a visual connection back to JP in the bottom of Blackwall Tunnel which could be blasted to provide much easier access. The whole of the chamber was coated in sticky mud and small bits of polythene bag perched high up on boulders are evidence of recent flooding to a depth of around 60ft above the stream sink. The intermittent Greek St. stream can hardly be the cause of this and so a hidden streamway beneath the chamber is assumed to be the villain of the piece.  The area bears a distinctly unhealthy appearance to parts of the flood prone Ogof Hesp Alyn in North Wales.  Beyond the chamber PW climbed 20ft into the continuation of Jubilee Line and followed a fine section of passage some 200ft long. Partly of walking size and with fine though muddy formations, its main claim to fame is an immaculate nest of cave pearls set off by their presence on a wide mud bank.  Conditioned to accept the worst the team were not surprised when the passage lowered to about 5 inches high in a descending crawl.  AM again proved to be the best invention since drain rods when she forced the crawl to a small chamber and wet u-tube beyond. PH then took over and pushed this after a struggle up the steep and muddy far side.  He gained a further 50ft of fine passage ending in an impassable wet squeeze with a stalagmite choke above.  Just prior to this a strongly draughting rift is undoubtedly the way on but requires bang.  Back at the climb up, various side passages were examined to reveal a sumped inlet with descending phreatic ramps below leading to a mud choke and a small active sink. Time and exhaustion then forced the team to leave the series without descending the 15ft phreatic pitch or checking possible up-dip routes towards Regent St.


A return visit was made on 17th November by P & AM, GN, PW, GW-J and JC, when the 15ft pitch was laddered to reach another typical Eastwater bedding plane, choking down-dip in the direction of the Chamber of Horrors but developing up-dip into a slippery, mud covered incline - ABERFAN PASSAGE.  Across the bedding from the foot of the pitch a dried up streamway with large sandstone cobbles led after 100ft to the superb CENOTAPH AVEN, 20-30ft in diameter and at least 60ft high.  Meanwhile, in Charing Cross, QW-J and JC gave up their attempted survey work in muddy frustration.

GW-J and JC were back again on 9th December together with BT and Mike Davies (N.U.C.C.).  They rigged a fixed rope traverse above the Chamber of Horrors to link the two sections of Jubilee Line and once again surveyed the dreadful Blackwall Tunnel - by mistake!

On 15th JW, GN, PW and PM spent some time chemically widening the squeeze to the 15ft pot, Blackwall Tunnel squeezes and the hoped-for by-pass to Blackwall Tunnel itself. JW not appearing with the others was found on the way out at Dolphin 35ft Pitch with “light pox.”

The following day ML and the L.A.D.S. descended upon Chamber of Horrors where a muddy squeeze was dug open into a 6ft wide by 15ft long and 40ft high aven with possible passages off at the top.

This was looked at again on 30th December by ML, Steve Milner and Lisa Taylor and after being climbed was found to have no ways on.  The rest of the team, Andy Lovell, Dave Shand, Tim Gould and Nipper Harrison were stopped by the Blackwall Tunnel Squeezes.

The new years work commenced on 5th January with a climbing attempt on Cenotaph Aven by GN and AJ. The latter free-climbed the notch at the far side of the aven to a height of 30ft where it could be seen to close down some 15ft above.  This is merely an alcove to the main part of the aven which will need bolting from floor level.  GN then pushed the inclined Aberfan Passage to his limit but thought that someone very thin and determined could get further.

Threadneedle St. once again became popular on 12th when TL, AJ ,EH, RH and Chris Batstone visited the area. A brief dig in the left hand rift was followed with an even briefer detonation of 1+lbs of bang in the right hand rift where a stubborn boulder blocked the way on.  The very strong outward draughts in both these passages could be evidence of a connection with the Cenotaph Aven area below.

To test this theory SH, JS and ML smoke-bombed the Aven on the next day but nothing was detected by TG who was waiting in Regent St.

A Wessex team of P & AM, PPW, GE, Martin Buckley and Paul Sutton tied up some loose ends on 26th.  A 20ft draughting aven in Whitehall closed down in small tubes.  In Jubilee Line the passage to the left, by the pearls was pushed to some tubes heading back to the start of Jubilee.

A B.E.C. team of AJ, John Dukes, Pete Rose, Pete "Snablet" Macnab and Tom Chapman removed bang debris from the Threadneedle St. dig on 3rd February.

On 9th Feb. a prospective aven-bolting squad of ML, GN and SM got as far as "Lolley Pot squeeze" where PW and PIM informed them that the grovel before Blackwall Tunnel had sumped back up the passage - very off-putting and unfortunately the shape of things to come!

The next attempt here on 2nd March nearly ended in disaster.  P & AM and PW met TG and DS on their way out; who told the newcomers that the Blackwall Tunnel grovel was open but pretty wet.  They passed the grovel with 2 inches of airspace and carried on to Cenotaph where GN, ML and SN had just got their first bolt in.  PH told the others of the state of the duck and they told him that it was okay on the way in.  Both club logs here state that each thought the other was “bullshitting!” Suddenly realisation dawned on the assembled and a dash for freedom was made, discarding all the bolting kit in their rush.  On arrival at the duck it was found to have unusable airspace but PW miraculously managed to get through.  After 2 hours of damming and bailing the interred ones managed to escape, having learnt a valuable lesson for the future.

Hoping to by-pass this obstacle AJ, Andy Cave and Tim Robbins (S.V.C.G.) went to Regent St. on the 9th March and removed more debris from the Threadneedle St. dig to create enough space for AJ to squeeze into a vertical rift where a climb up 20ft of loose boulders reached a short level section containing a superb solitary stalagmite - cream with an orange top and about a foot high.  This made up for the lack of any way on.  TR managed to reach the same spot by squeezing through the tight rift above the dug way in.

April saw only a tourist trip by PM, TC and Rich York, and a potential pushing trip on 4th May by GN, MB, Bob Lewis, Dave and Hike (S.V.C.C.) was dogged by minor disasters and aborted.

Trips really began to tail off now with the treacherous nature of the duck giving many weary diggers a chance to escape to a change of scenery.  GN, P & AM, Doug Mills and Simon? had another bash though on 8th June. The choked drain-hole in the duck proved to be un-clearable and even approaching it from the crawl in the Chamber of Horrors didn't help as the crawl became too tight.

25th August saw the next working trip with AJ, GN and Duncan Frew tackling the cave in preparation of the duck drying out.  The duck itself was well sumped up and all of the series was very wet - Lolley Pot being particularly impressive.

Only two Wessex trips occurred in September.  On 21st PN and DF again found the duck to be sumped back 20ft despite only a tiny stream flowing into it.  On 28th GN, on a solo trip, had a good look around the upper passages looking for “worthwhile leads!.”

JW and CC made a visit to Soho on 8th October with similar ideas. November and December 1985 saw only de-tackling trips by P&A.M and G.N. and the latter led two tourist trips in January 1986 - that on 27th resulting in the rediscovery of the voice connection between Regent St and the head of Greek St.

In April (appropriately enough on All Fool's Day) GN, DF and Maggie McPherson found the S-bend still sumped and rigged the pitches in preparation for a dam building exercise to alleviate the situation.

Two days later GN end DF transported cement, polybags and a length of pipe to the site and commenced work on the dam.

In June 1986 the cave was closed due to meddling by the Nature Conservancy Council.  It is hoped that work will continue when this problem is resolved.

Tony Jarratt,   4/7/86.


Oliver Lloyd Memorial Fund

University of Bristol Spelaeological Society

Prof. R. J. G. Savage,
Department of Geology,
The University

The Secretary
Bristol exploration Club


The UBSS Committee recently resolved to establish a fund to commemorate the memory of our late Treasurer and Editor, Oliver Lloyd.  In view of the importance Oliver attached to the Proceedings we see it as highly appropriate that we use a substantial part of the annual interest on the fund's capital to help with the shortfall in publication costs.

Since the founding of the UBSS in 1919 we have published 50 issues of the Proceedings.  Its standing in spelaeological and archaeological circles is very high, because of both the quality of the contents - it is one of the very few refereed journals in the caving world - and the quality of production.

As we are a student society, student members receive free copies as of right and the price to others is kept low to ensure adequate sales among cavers.  The University provides an annual grant in aid of publication and from time to time other small grants can be obtained.  But with the present stringency in academic finances there can be no increase from these sources; nevertheless printing costs continue to rise.

The quantity of good material suitable for publication continues to increase and it would be sad to have to reject any of it solely on grounds of poverty.  The 1986 issue will be large with the second group of papers on Gough's Cave in addition to other caving contents.  In the coming year we shall be facing a shortfall of around £500 in the printing bill. In attempts to avert this, Oliver recommended increased membership subscriptions, and we are currently seeking advertising and other sources of grants.

Readership and influence of the Proceedings spreads far beyond the UBSS; it is one of the major British caving journals and has an international circulation.  Oliver's activities and reputation also extended far beyond the confines of the UBSS.  It is this wider context therefore that we appeal to all cavers for support.

We aim to raise £7,500 and use the interest to aid publications.  So if you are still active in caving, or if  you still have a nostalgia for the good old days with Oliver, do please give us your support in perpetuating the memory of a very much loved caver.  Cheques small and large should be made out to Oliver Lloyd Memorial Fund and sent to me at the above address.

Bob Savage UBSS President


Corrections To 1986 Membership List





P. Blogg



R.G. Brown (1957 - 1960)

F. Darbon



G. Blankhorn (1960)

P. Ford



B. Glocking (1976 – 1979)

G. Ford



J. Watson (1979 - )

D. Glover



Jane Glover (1967 – 1971)

Tony Hollis



Liz Hollis

Liz Hollis



Tony Hollis

M. Jaenmaire



I. Rees (1967)

D. Statham



W. Stanton (1963 – 1096)

In addiction, Pete McNab is quoted as his original number on first joining in 1967.  He left in 1971; rejoined in 1985 and was given No 1051. The list is correct, since he should have kept his original number, but now the number 1051 is vacant.  However, there is NO TRACE of any membership number for Trevor Hughes.  He is given as 92 which is Pat Woodroffe (1946-53) arid the other '92's are as follows:

192       Bob Crabtree (1950 - 53)

292       B. Goodwin (1953)

392       Mike Baker (1958 - present day)

492       Sheila Paul (1961 - 1971 )

592       Eddie Welch (1965-1979)

692       Roger Toms (1968 - 1979)

792       Ken James (1972 - 1981)

892       Marion Barlow (1976 - 1980)

992       Mark Brown (1981 - 1985)

I’ve looked all down the list, but can't find him anywhere.  It might help to know-which year he joined.

Hope this helps.


Editor's Note: Trevor Hughes has membership number 923, somehow his number lost a digit in my computer – sorry Trevor and Alfie.